{-# OPTIONS_GHC -XNoImplicitPrelude #-}
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module      :  Numeric
-- Copyright   :  (c) The University of Glasgow 2002
-- License     :  BSD-style (see the file libraries/base/LICENSE)
-- 
-- Maintainer  :  [email protected]
-- Stability   :  provisional
-- Portability :  portable
--
-- Odds and ends, mostly functions for reading and showing
-- 'RealFloat'-like kind of values.
--
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

module Numeric (

        -- * Showing

        showSigned,       -- :: (Real a) => (a -> ShowS) -> Int -> a -> ShowS

        showIntAtBase,    -- :: Integral a => a -> (a -> Char) -> a -> ShowS
        showInt,          -- :: Integral a => a -> ShowS
        showHex,          -- :: Integral a => a -> ShowS
        showOct,          -- :: Integral a => a -> ShowS

        showEFloat,       -- :: (RealFloat a) => Maybe Int -> a -> ShowS
        showFFloat,       -- :: (RealFloat a) => Maybe Int -> a -> ShowS
        showGFloat,       -- :: (RealFloat a) => Maybe Int -> a -> ShowS
        showFloat,        -- :: (RealFloat a) => a -> ShowS

        floatToDigits,    -- :: (RealFloat a) => Integer -> a -> ([Int], Int)

        -- * Reading

        -- | /NB:/ 'readInt' is the \'dual\' of 'showIntAtBase',
        -- and 'readDec' is the \`dual\' of 'showInt'.
        -- The inconsistent naming is a historical accident.

        readSigned,       -- :: (Real a) => ReadS a -> ReadS a

        readInt,          -- :: (Integral a) => a -> (Char -> Bool)
                          --         -> (Char -> Int) -> ReadS a
        readDec,          -- :: (Integral a) => ReadS a
        readOct,          -- :: (Integral a) => ReadS a
        readHex,          -- :: (Integral a) => ReadS a

        readFloat,        -- :: (RealFloat a) => ReadS a

        lexDigits,        -- :: ReadS String

        -- * Miscellaneous

        fromRat,          -- :: (RealFloat a) => Rational -> a

        ) where

#ifdef __GLASGOW_HASKELL__
import GHC.Base
import GHC.Read
import GHC.Real
import GHC.Float
import GHC.Num
import GHC.Show
import Data.Maybe
import Text.ParserCombinators.ReadP( ReadP, readP_to_S, pfail )
import qualified Text.Read.Lex as L
#else
import Data.Char
#endif

#ifdef __HUGS__
import Hugs.Prelude
import Hugs.Numeric
#endif

#ifdef __GLASGOW_HASKELL__
-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Reading

-- | Reads an /unsigned/ 'Integral' value in an arbitrary base.
readInt :: Num a
  => a                  -- ^ the base
  -> (Char -> Bool)     -- ^ a predicate distinguishing valid digits in this base
  -> (Char -> Int)      -- ^ a function converting a valid digit character to an 'Int'
  -> ReadS a
readInt base isDigit valDigit = readP_to_S (L.readIntP base isDigit valDigit)

-- | Read an unsigned number in octal notation.
readOct :: Num a => ReadS a
readOct = readP_to_S L.readOctP

-- | Read an unsigned number in decimal notation.
readDec :: Num a => ReadS a
readDec = readP_to_S L.readDecP

-- | Read an unsigned number in hexadecimal notation.
-- Both upper or lower case letters are allowed.
readHex :: Num a => ReadS a
readHex = readP_to_S L.readHexP 

-- | Reads an /unsigned/ 'RealFrac' value,
-- expressed in decimal scientific notation.
readFloat :: RealFrac a => ReadS a
readFloat = readP_to_S readFloatP

readFloatP :: RealFrac a => ReadP a
readFloatP =
  do tok <- L.lex
     case tok of
       L.Rat y  -> return (fromRational y)
       L.Int i  -> return (fromInteger i)
       _        -> pfail

-- It's turgid to have readSigned work using list comprehensions,
-- but it's specified as a ReadS to ReadS transformer
-- With a bit of luck no one will use it.

-- | Reads a /signed/ 'Real' value, given a reader for an unsigned value.
readSigned :: (Real a) => ReadS a -> ReadS a
readSigned readPos = readParen False read'
                     where read' r  = read'' r ++
                                      (do
                                        ("-",s) <- lex r
                                        (x,t)   <- read'' s
                                        return (-x,t))
                           read'' r = do
                               (str,s) <- lex r
                               (n,"")  <- readPos str
                               return (n,s)

-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Showing

-- | Show /non-negative/ 'Integral' numbers in base 10.
showInt :: Integral a => a -> ShowS
showInt n0 cs0
    | n0 < 0    = error "Numeric.showInt: can't show negative numbers"
    | otherwise = go n0 cs0
    where
    go n cs
        | n < 10    = case unsafeChr (ord '0' + fromIntegral n) of
            c@(C# _) -> c:cs
        | otherwise = case unsafeChr (ord '0' + fromIntegral r) of
            c@(C# _) -> go q (c:cs)
        where
        (q,r) = n `quotRem` 10

-- Controlling the format and precision of floats. The code that
-- implements the formatting itself is in @PrelNum@ to avoid
-- mutual module deps.

{-# SPECIALIZE showEFloat ::
        Maybe Int -> Float  -> ShowS,
        Maybe Int -> Double -> ShowS #-}
{-# SPECIALIZE showFFloat ::
        Maybe Int -> Float  -> ShowS,
        Maybe Int -> Double -> ShowS #-}
{-# SPECIALIZE showGFloat ::
        Maybe Int -> Float  -> ShowS,
        Maybe Int -> Double -> ShowS #-}

-- | Show a signed 'RealFloat' value
-- using scientific (exponential) notation (e.g. @2.45e2@, @1.5e-3@).
--
-- In the call @'showEFloat' digs val@, if @digs@ is 'Nothing',
-- the value is shown to full precision; if @digs@ is @'Just' d@,
-- then at most @d@ digits after the decimal point are shown.
showEFloat    :: (RealFloat a) => Maybe Int -> a -> ShowS

-- | Show a signed 'RealFloat' value
-- using standard decimal notation (e.g. @245000@, @0.0015@).
--
-- In the call @'showFFloat' digs val@, if @digs@ is 'Nothing',
-- the value is shown to full precision; if @digs@ is @'Just' d@,
-- then at most @d@ digits after the decimal point are shown.
showFFloat    :: (RealFloat a) => Maybe Int -> a -> ShowS

-- | Show a signed 'RealFloat' value
-- using standard decimal notation for arguments whose absolute value lies 
-- between @0.1@ and @9,999,999@, and scientific notation otherwise.
--
-- In the call @'showGFloat' digs val@, if @digs@ is 'Nothing',
-- the value is shown to full precision; if @digs@ is @'Just' d@,
-- then at most @d@ digits after the decimal point are shown.
showGFloat    :: (RealFloat a) => Maybe Int -> a -> ShowS

showEFloat d x =  showString (formatRealFloat FFExponent d x)
showFFloat d x =  showString (formatRealFloat FFFixed d x)
showGFloat d x =  showString (formatRealFloat FFGeneric d x)
#endif  /* __GLASGOW_HASKELL__ */

-- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Integer printing functions

-- | Shows a /non-negative/ 'Integral' number using the base specified by the
-- first argument, and the character representation specified by the second.
showIntAtBase :: Integral a => a -> (Int -> Char) -> a -> ShowS
showIntAtBase base toChr n0 r0
  | base <= 1 = error ("Numeric.showIntAtBase: applied to unsupported base " ++ show base)
  | n0 <  0   = error ("Numeric.showIntAtBase: applied to negative number " ++ show n0)
  | otherwise = showIt (quotRem n0 base) r0
   where
    showIt (n,d) r = seq c $ -- stricter than necessary
      case n of
        0 -> r'
        _ -> showIt (quotRem n base) r'
     where
      c  = toChr (fromIntegral d)
      r' = c : r

-- | Show /non-negative/ 'Integral' numbers in base 16.
showHex :: Integral a => a -> ShowS
showHex = showIntAtBase 16 intToDigit

-- | Show /non-negative/ 'Integral' numbers in base 8.
showOct :: Integral a => a -> ShowS
showOct = showIntAtBase 8  intToDigit