{-# LANGUAGE CPP #-}
#if !defined(TESTING) && __GLASGOW_HASKELL__ >= 703
{-# LANGUAGE Safe #-}
#endif
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module      :  Data.IntSet
-- Copyright   :  (c) Daan Leijen 2002
--                (c) Joachim Breitner 2011
-- License     :  BSD-style
-- Maintainer  :  [email protected]
-- Stability   :  provisional
-- Portability :  portable
--
-- An efficient implementation of integer sets.
--
-- These modules are intended to be imported qualified, to avoid name
-- clashes with Prelude functions, e.g.
--
-- >  import Data.IntSet (IntSet)
-- >  import qualified Data.IntSet as IntSet
--
-- The implementation is based on /big-endian patricia trees/.  This data
-- structure performs especially well on binary operations like 'union'
-- and 'intersection'.  However, my benchmarks show that it is also
-- (much) faster on insertions and deletions when compared to a generic
-- size-balanced set implementation (see "Data.Set").
--
--    * Chris Okasaki and Andy Gill,  \"/Fast Mergeable Integer Maps/\",
--      Workshop on ML, September 1998, pages 77-86,
--      <http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/okasaki98fast.html>
--
--    * D.R. Morrison, \"/PATRICIA -- Practical Algorithm To Retrieve
--      Information Coded In Alphanumeric/\", Journal of the ACM, 15(4),
--      October 1968, pages 514-534.
--
-- Additionally, this implementation places bitmaps in the leaves of the tree.
-- Their size is the natural size of a machine word (32 or 64 bits) and greatly
-- reduce memory footprint and execution times for dense sets, e.g. sets where
-- it is likely that many values lie close to each other. The asymptotics are
-- not affected by this optimization.
--
-- Many operations have a worst-case complexity of /O(min(n,W))/.
-- This means that the operation can become linear in the number of
-- elements with a maximum of /W/ -- the number of bits in an 'Int'
-- (32 or 64).
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

module Data.IntSet (
            -- * Strictness properties
            -- $strictness

            -- * Set type
#if !defined(TESTING)
              IntSet          -- instance Eq,Show
#else
              IntSet(..)      -- instance Eq,Show
#endif

            -- * Operators
            , (\\)

            -- * Query
            , IS.null
            , size
            , member
            , notMember
            , lookupLT
            , lookupGT
            , lookupLE
            , lookupGE
            , isSubsetOf
            , isProperSubsetOf

            -- * Construction
            , empty
            , singleton
            , insert
            , delete

            -- * Combine
            , union
            , unions
            , difference
            , intersection

            -- * Filter
            , IS.filter
            , partition
            , split
            , splitMember

            -- * Map
            , IS.map

            -- * Folds
            , IS.foldr
            , IS.foldl
            -- ** Strict folds
            , foldr'
            , foldl'
            -- ** Legacy folds
            , fold

            -- * Min\/Max
            , findMin
            , findMax
            , deleteMin
            , deleteMax
            , deleteFindMin
            , deleteFindMax
            , maxView
            , minView

            -- * Conversion

            -- ** List
            , elems
            , toList
            , fromList

            -- ** Ordered list
            , toAscList
            , toDescList
            , fromAscList
            , fromDistinctAscList

            -- * Debugging
            , showTree
            , showTreeWith

#if defined(TESTING)
            -- * Internals
            , match
#endif
            ) where

import Data.IntSet.Base as IS

-- $strictness
--
-- This module satisfies the following strictness property:
--
-- * Key arguments are evaluated to WHNF
--
-- Here are some examples that illustrate the property:
--
-- > delete undefined s  ==  undefined