filepath-1.3.0.2: Library for manipulating FilePaths in a cross platform way.

Copyright(c) Neil Mitchell 2005-2007
LicenseBSD3
Maintainer[email protected]
Stabilitystable
Portabilityportable
Safe HaskellSafe
LanguageHaskell98

System.FilePath.Posix

Contents

Description

A library for FilePath manipulations, using Posix style paths on all platforms. Importing System.FilePath is usually better.

Some short examples:

You are given a C file, you want to figure out the corresponding object (.o) file:

replaceExtension file "o"

Haskell module Main imports Test, you have the file named main:

[replaceFileName path_to_main "Test" <.> ext | ext <- ["hs","lhs"] ]

You want to download a file from the web and save it to disk:

do let file = makeValid url
    System.IO.createDirectoryIfMissing True (takeDirectory file)

You want to compile a Haskell file, but put the hi file under "interface"

takeDirectory file </> "interface" </> (takeFileName file `replaceExtension` "hi")

The examples in code format descibed by each function are used to generate tests, and should give clear semantics for the functions.

Synopsis

Separator predicates

type FilePath = String Source

File and directory names are values of type String, whose precise meaning is operating system dependent. Files can be opened, yielding a handle which can then be used to operate on the contents of that file.

pathSeparator :: Char Source

The character that separates directories. In the case where more than one character is possible, pathSeparator is the 'ideal' one.

Windows: pathSeparator == '\\'
Posix:   pathSeparator ==  '/'
isPathSeparator pathSeparator

pathSeparators :: [Char] Source

The list of all possible separators.

Windows: pathSeparators == ['\\', '/']
Posix:   pathSeparators == ['/']
pathSeparator `elem` pathSeparators

isPathSeparator :: Char -> Bool Source

Rather than using (== pathSeparator), use this. Test if something is a path separator.

isPathSeparator a == (a `elem` pathSeparators)

searchPathSeparator :: Char Source

The character that is used to separate the entries in the $PATH environment variable.

Windows: searchPathSeparator == ';'
Posix:   searchPathSeparator == ':'

isSearchPathSeparator :: Char -> Bool Source

Is the character a file separator?

isSearchPathSeparator a == (a == searchPathSeparator)

extSeparator :: Char Source

File extension character

extSeparator == '.'

isExtSeparator :: Char -> Bool Source

Is the character an extension character?

isExtSeparator a == (a == extSeparator)

Path methods (environment $PATH)

splitSearchPath :: String -> [FilePath] Source

Take a string, split it on the searchPathSeparator character.

Follows the recommendations in http://www.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/basedefs/xbd_chap08.html

Posix:   splitSearchPath "File1:File2:File3"  == ["File1","File2","File3"]
Posix:   splitSearchPath "File1::File2:File3" == ["File1",".","File2","File3"]
Windows: splitSearchPath "File1;File2;File3"  == ["File1","File2","File3"]
Windows: splitSearchPath "File1;;File2;File3" == ["File1","File2","File3"]

getSearchPath :: IO [FilePath] Source

Get a list of filepaths in the $PATH.

Extension methods

splitExtension :: FilePath -> (String, String) Source

Split on the extension. addExtension is the inverse.

uncurry (++) (splitExtension x) == x
uncurry addExtension (splitExtension x) == x
splitExtension "file.txt" == ("file",".txt")
splitExtension "file" == ("file","")
splitExtension "file/file.txt" == ("file/file",".txt")
splitExtension "file.txt/boris" == ("file.txt/boris","")
splitExtension "file.txt/boris.ext" == ("file.txt/boris",".ext")
splitExtension "file/path.txt.bob.fred" == ("file/path.txt.bob",".fred")
splitExtension "file/path.txt/" == ("file/path.txt/","")

takeExtension :: FilePath -> String Source

Get the extension of a file, returns "" for no extension, .ext otherwise.

takeExtension x == snd (splitExtension x)
Valid x => takeExtension (addExtension x "ext") == ".ext"
Valid x => takeExtension (replaceExtension x "ext") == ".ext"

replaceExtension :: FilePath -> String -> FilePath Source

Set the extension of a file, overwriting one if already present.

replaceExtension "file.txt" ".bob" == "file.bob"
replaceExtension "file.txt" "bob" == "file.bob"
replaceExtension "file" ".bob" == "file.bob"
replaceExtension "file.txt" "" == "file"
replaceExtension "file.fred.bob" "txt" == "file.fred.txt"

dropExtension :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Remove last extension, and the "." preceding it.

dropExtension x == fst (splitExtension x)

addExtension :: FilePath -> String -> FilePath Source

Add an extension, even if there is already one there. E.g. addExtension "foo.txt" "bat" -> "foo.txt.bat".

addExtension "file.txt" "bib" == "file.txt.bib"
addExtension "file." ".bib" == "file..bib"
addExtension "file" ".bib" == "file.bib"
addExtension "/" "x" == "/.x"
Valid x => takeFileName (addExtension (addTrailingPathSeparator x) "ext") == ".ext"
Windows: addExtension "\\\\share" ".txt" == "\\\\share\\.txt"

hasExtension :: FilePath -> Bool Source

Does the given filename have an extension?

null (takeExtension x) == not (hasExtension x)

(<.>) :: FilePath -> String -> FilePath infixr 7 Source

Alias to addExtension, for people who like that sort of thing.

splitExtensions :: FilePath -> (FilePath, String) Source

Split on all extensions

uncurry (++) (splitExtensions x) == x
uncurry addExtension (splitExtensions x) == x
splitExtensions "file.tar.gz" == ("file",".tar.gz")

dropExtensions :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Drop all extensions

not $ hasExtension (dropExtensions x)

takeExtensions :: FilePath -> String Source

Get all extensions

takeExtensions "file.tar.gz" == ".tar.gz"

Drive methods

splitDrive :: FilePath -> (FilePath, FilePath) Source

Split a path into a drive and a path. On Unix, / is a Drive.

uncurry (++) (splitDrive x) == x
Windows: splitDrive "file" == ("","file")
Windows: splitDrive "c:/file" == ("c:/","file")
Windows: splitDrive "c:\\file" == ("c:\\","file")
Windows: splitDrive "\\\\shared\\test" == ("\\\\shared\\","test")
Windows: splitDrive "\\\\shared" == ("\\\\shared","")
Windows: splitDrive "\\\\?\\UNC\\shared\\file" == ("\\\\?\\UNC\\shared\\","file")
Windows: splitDrive "\\\\?\\UNCshared\\file" == ("\\\\?\\","UNCshared\\file")
Windows: splitDrive "\\\\?\\d:\\file" == ("\\\\?\\d:\\","file")
Windows: splitDrive "/d" == ("","/d")
Posix:   splitDrive "/test" == ("/","test")
Posix:   splitDrive "//test" == ("//","test")
Posix:   splitDrive "test/file" == ("","test/file")
Posix:   splitDrive "file" == ("","file")

joinDrive :: FilePath -> FilePath -> FilePath Source

Join a drive and the rest of the path.

         uncurry joinDrive (splitDrive x) == x
Windows: joinDrive "C:" "foo" == "C:foo"
Windows: joinDrive "C:\\" "bar" == "C:\\bar"
Windows: joinDrive "\\\\share" "foo" == "\\\\share\\foo"
Windows: joinDrive "/:" "foo" == "/:\\foo"

takeDrive :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Get the drive from a filepath.

takeDrive x == fst (splitDrive x)

hasDrive :: FilePath -> Bool Source

Does a path have a drive.

not (hasDrive x) == null (takeDrive x)

dropDrive :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Delete the drive, if it exists.

dropDrive x == snd (splitDrive x)

isDrive :: FilePath -> Bool Source

Is an element a drive

Operations on a FilePath, as a list of directories

splitFileName :: FilePath -> (String, String) Source

Split a filename into directory and file. combine is the inverse.

Valid x => uncurry (</>) (splitFileName x) == x || fst (splitFileName x) == "./"
Valid x => isValid (fst (splitFileName x))
splitFileName "file/bob.txt" == ("file/", "bob.txt")
splitFileName "file/" == ("file/", "")
splitFileName "bob" == ("./", "bob")
Posix:   splitFileName "/" == ("/","")
Windows: splitFileName "c:" == ("c:","")

takeFileName :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Get the file name.

takeFileName "test/" == ""
takeFileName x `isSuffixOf` x
takeFileName x == snd (splitFileName x)
Valid x => takeFileName (replaceFileName x "fred") == "fred"
Valid x => takeFileName (x </> "fred") == "fred"
Valid x => isRelative (takeFileName x)

replaceFileName :: FilePath -> String -> FilePath Source

Set the filename.

Valid x => replaceFileName x (takeFileName x) == x

dropFileName :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Drop the filename.

dropFileName x == fst (splitFileName x)

takeBaseName :: FilePath -> String Source

Get the base name, without an extension or path.

takeBaseName "file/test.txt" == "test"
takeBaseName "dave.ext" == "dave"
takeBaseName "" == ""
takeBaseName "test" == "test"
takeBaseName (addTrailingPathSeparator x) == ""
takeBaseName "file/file.tar.gz" == "file.tar"

replaceBaseName :: FilePath -> String -> FilePath Source

Set the base name.

replaceBaseName "file/test.txt" "bob" == "file/bob.txt"
replaceBaseName "fred" "bill" == "bill"
replaceBaseName "/dave/fred/bob.gz.tar" "new" == "/dave/fred/new.tar"
Valid x => replaceBaseName x (takeBaseName x) == x

takeDirectory :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Get the directory name, move up one level.

          takeDirectory x `isPrefixOf` x || takeDirectory x == "."
          takeDirectory "foo" == "."
          takeDirectory "/foo/bar/baz" == "/foo/bar"
          takeDirectory "/foo/bar/baz/" == "/foo/bar/baz"
          takeDirectory "foo/bar/baz" == "foo/bar"
Windows:  takeDirectory "foo\\bar" == "foo"
Windows:  takeDirectory "foo\\bar\\\\" == "foo\\bar"
Windows:  takeDirectory "C:\\" == "C:\\"

replaceDirectory :: FilePath -> String -> FilePath Source

Set the directory, keeping the filename the same.

Valid x => replaceDirectory x (takeDirectory x) `equalFilePath` x

combine :: FilePath -> FilePath -> FilePath Source

Combine two paths, if the second path isAbsolute, then it returns the second.

Valid x => combine (takeDirectory x) (takeFileName x) `equalFilePath` x
Posix:   combine "/" "test" == "/test"
Posix:   combine "home" "bob" == "home/bob"
Windows: combine "home" "bob" == "home\\bob"
Windows: combine "home" "/bob" == "/bob"

(</>) :: FilePath -> FilePath -> FilePath infixr 5 Source

A nice alias for combine.

splitPath :: FilePath -> [FilePath] Source

Split a path by the directory separator.

concat (splitPath x) == x
splitPath "test//item/" == ["test//","item/"]
splitPath "test/item/file" == ["test/","item/","file"]
splitPath "" == []
Windows: splitPath "c:\\test\\path" == ["c:\\","test\\","path"]
Posix:   splitPath "/file/test" == ["/","file/","test"]

joinPath :: [FilePath] -> FilePath Source

Join path elements back together.

Valid x => joinPath (splitPath x) == x
joinPath [] == ""
Posix: joinPath ["test","file","path"] == "test/file/path"

splitDirectories :: FilePath -> [FilePath] Source

Just as splitPath, but don't add the trailing slashes to each element.

splitDirectories "test/file" == ["test","file"]
splitDirectories "/test/file" == ["/","test","file"]
Valid x => joinPath (splitDirectories x) `equalFilePath` x
splitDirectories "" == []

Low level FilePath operators

hasTrailingPathSeparator :: FilePath -> Bool Source

Is an item either a directory or the last character a path separator?

hasTrailingPathSeparator "test" == False
hasTrailingPathSeparator "test/" == True

addTrailingPathSeparator :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Add a trailing file path separator if one is not already present.

hasTrailingPathSeparator (addTrailingPathSeparator x)
hasTrailingPathSeparator x ==> addTrailingPathSeparator x == x
Posix:    addTrailingPathSeparator "test/rest" == "test/rest/"

dropTrailingPathSeparator :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Remove any trailing path separators

dropTrailingPathSeparator "file/test/" == "file/test"
Posix:    not (hasTrailingPathSeparator (dropTrailingPathSeparator x)) || isDrive x
Posix:    dropTrailingPathSeparator "/" == "/"
Windows:  dropTrailingPathSeparator "\\" == "\\"

File name manipulators

normalise :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Normalise a file

  • // outside of the drive can be made blank
  • / -> pathSeparator
  • ./ -> ""
Posix:   normalise "/file/\\test////" == "/file/\\test/"
Posix:   normalise "/file/./test" == "/file/test"
Posix:   normalise "/test/file/../bob/fred/" == "/test/file/../bob/fred/"
Posix:   normalise "../bob/fred/" == "../bob/fred/"
Posix:   normalise "./bob/fred/" == "bob/fred/"
Windows: normalise "c:\\file/bob\\" == "C:\\file\\bob\\"
Windows: normalise "c:\\" == "C:\\"
Windows: normalise "\\\\server\\test" == "\\\\server\\test"
Windows: normalise "c:/file" == "C:\\file"
         normalise "." == "."
Posix:   normalise "./" == "./"
Posix:   normalise "./." == "./"
Posix:   normalise "/" == "/"
Posix:   normalise "bob/fred/." == "bob/fred/"

equalFilePath :: FilePath -> FilePath -> Bool Source

Equality of two FilePaths. If you call System.Directory.canonicalizePath first this has a much better chance of working. Note that this doesn't follow symlinks or DOSNAM~1s.

         x == y ==> equalFilePath x y
         normalise x == normalise y ==> equalFilePath x y
Posix:   equalFilePath "foo" "foo/"
Posix:   not (equalFilePath "foo" "/foo")
Posix:   not (equalFilePath "foo" "FOO")
Windows: equalFilePath "foo" "FOO"

makeRelative :: FilePath -> FilePath -> FilePath Source

Contract a filename, based on a relative path.

There is no corresponding makeAbsolute function, instead use System.Directory.canonicalizePath which has the same effect.

         Valid y => equalFilePath x y || (isRelative x && makeRelative y x == x) || equalFilePath (y </> makeRelative y x) x
         makeRelative x x == "."
         null y || equalFilePath (makeRelative x (x </> y)) y || null (takeFileName x)
Windows: makeRelative "C:\\Home" "c:\\home\\bob" == "bob"
Windows: makeRelative "C:\\Home" "c:/home/bob" == "bob"
Windows: makeRelative "C:\\Home" "D:\\Home\\Bob" == "D:\\Home\\Bob"
Windows: makeRelative "C:\\Home" "C:Home\\Bob" == "C:Home\\Bob"
Windows: makeRelative "/Home" "/home/bob" == "bob"
Posix:   makeRelative "/Home" "/home/bob" == "/home/bob"
Posix:   makeRelative "/home/" "/home/bob/foo/bar" == "bob/foo/bar"
Posix:   makeRelative "/fred" "bob" == "bob"
Posix:   makeRelative "/file/test" "/file/test/fred" == "fred"
Posix:   makeRelative "/file/test" "/file/test/fred/" == "fred/"
Posix:   makeRelative "some/path" "some/path/a/b/c" == "a/b/c"

isRelative :: FilePath -> Bool Source

Is a path relative, or is it fixed to the root?

Windows: isRelative "path\\test" == True
Windows: isRelative "c:\\test" == False
Windows: isRelative "c:test" == True
Windows: isRelative "c:" == True
Windows: isRelative "\\\\foo" == False
Windows: isRelative "/foo" == True
Posix:   isRelative "test/path" == True
Posix:   isRelative "/test" == False

isAbsolute :: FilePath -> Bool Source

not . isRelative
isAbsolute x == not (isRelative x)

isValid :: FilePath -> Bool Source

Is a FilePath valid, i.e. could you create a file like it?

         isValid "" == False
Posix:   isValid "/random_ path:*" == True
Posix:   isValid x == not (null x)
Windows: isValid "c:\\test" == True
Windows: isValid "c:\\test:of_test" == False
Windows: isValid "test*" == False
Windows: isValid "c:\\test\\nul" == False
Windows: isValid "c:\\test\\prn.txt" == False
Windows: isValid "c:\\nul\\file" == False
Windows: isValid "\\\\" == False

makeValid :: FilePath -> FilePath Source

Take a FilePath and make it valid; does not change already valid FilePaths.

isValid (makeValid x)
isValid x ==> makeValid x == x
makeValid "" == "_"
Windows: makeValid "c:\\test:of_test" == "c:\\test_of_test"
Windows: makeValid "test*" == "test_"
Windows: makeValid "c:\\test\\nul" == "c:\\test\\nul_"
Windows: makeValid "c:\\test\\prn.txt" == "c:\\test\\prn_.txt"
Windows: makeValid "c:\\test/prn.txt" == "c:\\test/prn_.txt"
Windows: makeValid "c:\\nul\\file" == "c:\\nul_\\file"