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99 questions/Solutions/84

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Create an undirected-graph:

   graph = mkGraph False (1,5) 
             [(1,2,12),(1,3,34),(1,5,78),(2,4,55),
              (2,5,32),(3,4,61),(3,5,44),(4,5,93)]

False means undirected

Use prim algorithm to find the minimal spanning tree:

   prim graph

Output:

   [(55,2,4),(34,1,3),(32,2,5),(12,1,2)]
module Prim where
 
import Data.List
import Array
 
type Graph n w = Array n [(n,w)]
 
mkGraph dir bnds es =
    accumArray (\xs x -> x:xs) [] bnds
               ([(x1,(x2,w)) | (x1,x2,w) <- es] ++
               if dir then []
               else [(x2,(x1,w)) | (x1,x2,w) <- es, x1 /= x2])
 
adjacent g v = map fst (g!v)
 
nodes g = indices g
 
edgeIn g (x,y) = elem y (adjacent g x)
 
weight x y g = head [c | (a,c) <- g!x, a == y]
 
edgesD g = [(v1,v2,w) | v1 <- nodes g, (v2,w) <- g!v1]
edgesU g = [(v1,v2,w) | v1 <- nodes g, (v2,w) <- g!v1, v1 < v2]
 
prim g = prim' [n] ns []
    where (n:ns) = nodes g
          es = edgesU g
          prim' t [] mst = mst
          prim' t r mst = let e@(c,u',v') = minimum
                                             [(c,u,v) | (u,v,c) <- es, 
                                                         elem u t, 
                                                         elem v r]
                          in  prim' (v':t) (delete v' r) (e:mst)