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m (oops mixed up my edge case)
Line 8: Line 8:
 
pack [] = []
 
pack [] = []
 
</haskell>
 
</haskell>
  +
  +
This is implemented as <hask>group</hask> in <hask>Data.List</hask>.
   
 
A more verbose solution is
 
A more verbose solution is
Line 32: Line 34:
 
(reps, rest) = maybe (xs,[]) (\i -> splitAt i xs) (findIndex (/=x) xs)
 
(reps, rest) = maybe (xs,[]) (\i -> splitAt i xs) (findIndex (/=x) xs)
 
</haskell>
 
</haskell>
 
This is implemented as <hask>group</hask> in <hask>Data.List</hask>.
 
   
 
Another solution using <hask>takeWhile</hask> and <hask>dropWhile</hask>:
 
Another solution using <hask>takeWhile</hask> and <hask>dropWhile</hask>:
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pack [] = []
 
pack [] = []
 
pack (x:xs) = (x : takeWhile (==x) xs) : pack (dropWhile (==x) xs)
 
pack (x:xs) = (x : takeWhile (==x) xs) : pack (dropWhile (==x) xs)
  +
</haskell>
  +
  +
Or we can use <hask>foldr</hask> to implement this:
  +
  +
<haskell>
  +
pack :: (Eq a) => [a] -> [[a]]
  +
pack = foldr func []
  +
where func x [] = [[x]]
  +
func x (y:xs) =
  +
if x == (head y) then ((x:y):xs) else ([x]:y:xs)
 
</haskell>
 
</haskell>

Revision as of 10:55, 17 November 2010

(**) Pack consecutive duplicates of list elements into sublists.

If a list contains repeated elements they should be placed in separate sublists.

pack (x:xs) = let (first,rest) = span (==x) xs
               in (x:first) : pack rest
pack [] = []
This is implemented as
group
in
Data.List
.

A more verbose solution is

pack :: Eq a => [a] -> [[a]]
pack [] = []
pack (x:xs) = (x:first) : pack rest
         where
           getReps [] = ([], [])
           getReps (y:ys)
                   | y == x = let (f,r) = getReps ys in (y:f, r)
                   | otherwise = ([], (y:ys))
           (first,rest) = getReps xs
Similarly, using
splitAt
and
findIndex
:
pack :: Eq a => [a] -> [[a]]
pack [] = []
pack (x:xs) = (x:reps) : (pack rest)
    where
        (reps, rest) = maybe (xs,[]) (\i -> splitAt i xs) (findIndex (/=x) xs)
Another solution using
takeWhile
and
dropWhile
:
pack :: (Eq a) => [a] -> [[a]]
pack [] = []
pack (x:xs) = (x : takeWhile (==x) xs) : pack (dropWhile (==x) xs)
Or we can use
foldr
to implement this:
pack :: (Eq a) => [a] -> [[a]]
pack = foldr func []
    where func x []     = [[x]]
          func x (y:xs) =
              if x == (head y) then ((x:y):xs) else ([x]:y:xs)