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Chaitin's construction/Parser

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Let us describe the seen language with a LL(1) grammar, and let us make use of the lack of backtracking, lack of look-ahead, when deciding which parser approach to use.

Some notes about the used parser library: I shall use the didactical approach read in paper Monadic Parser Combinators (written by Graham Hutton and Erik Meier). The optimalisations described in the paper are avoided here. Of course, we can make optimalisations, or choose sophisticated parser libraries (Parsec, arrow parsers). A pro for this simpler parser: it may be easier to augment it with other monad transformers. But, I think, the task does not require such ability. So the real pro for it is that it looks more didactical for me. Of couse, it may be inefficient at many other tasks, but I hope, the LL(1) grammar will not raise huge problems.

1 Decoding module

 module Decode (clP) where
 
 import Parser (Parser, item)
 import CL (CL, k, s, apply)
 import CLExt ((>>@))
 import PreludeExt (bool)
 
 clP :: Parser Bool CL
 clP = item >>= bool applicationP baseP
 
 applicationP :: Parser Bool CL
 applicationP = clP >>@ clP
 
 baseP :: Parser Bool CL
 baseP = item >>= bool k s
 
 kP, sP :: Parser Bool CL
 kP = return k
 sP = return s

2 Combinatory logic term modules

2.1 CL

 module CL (CL, k, s, apply) where
 
 import Tree (Tree (Leaf, Branch))
 import BaseSymbol (BaseSymbol, kay, ess)
 
 type CL = Tree BaseSymbol 
 
 k, s :: CL
 k = Leaf kay
 s = Leaf ess
 
 apply :: CL -> CL -> CL
 apply = Branch

2.2 CL extension

 module CLExt ((>>@)) where
 
 import CL (CL, apply)
 import Control.Monad (Monad, liftM2)
 
 (>>@) :: Monad m => m CL -> m CL -> m CL
 (>>@) = liftM2 apply

2.3 Base symbol

 module BaseSymbol (BaseSymbol, kay, ess) where
 
 data BaseSymbol = K | S
 
 kay, ess :: BaseSymbol
 kay = K
 ess = S

3 Utility modules

3.1 Binary tree

 module Tree (Tree (Leaf, Branch)) where
 
 data Tree a = Leaf a | Branch (Tree a) (Tree a)

3.2 Parser

 module Parser (Parser, runParser, item) where
 
 import Control.Monad.State (StateT, runStateT, get, put)
 
 type Parser token a = StateT [token] [] a
 
 runParser :: Parser token a -> [token] -> [(a, [token])]
 runParser = runStateT
 
 item :: Parser token token
 item = do
 	token : tokens <- get
 	put tokens
 	return token

3.3 Prelude extension

 module PreludeExt (bool) where
 
 bool :: a -> a -> Bool -> a
 bool thenC elseC t = if t then thenC else elseC