# 1 The concept of dependent types

## 1.1 General

Dependent Types in Programming abstract in APPSEM'2000

## 1.2 Type Theory

Simon Thompson: Type Theory and Functional Programming. Section 6.3 deals with dependent types, but because of the strong emphasis on Curry-Howard isomorphism and the connections between logic and programming, the book seemed cathartic for me even from its beginning.

## 1.3 Illative Combinatory Logic

To see how Illative Combinatory logic deals with dependent types, see combinator G described in Systems of Illative Combinatory Logic complete for first-order propositional and predicate calculus by Henk Barendregt, Martin Bunder, Wil Dekkers. It seems to me that the dependent type construct $\forall x : S \Rightarrow T$ of Epigram corresponds to $\mathbf G\;S\;(\lambda x . T)$ in Illative Combinatory Logic. I think e.g. the followings should correspond to each other:

• $\mathrm{realNullvector} :\;\;\;\forall n: \mathrm{Nat} \Rightarrow \mathrm{RealVector}\;n$
• $\mathbf G\;\,\mathrm{Nat}\;\,\mathrm{RealVector}\;\,\mathrm{realNullvector}$

# 2 Dependently typed languages

## 2.1 Epigram

Epigram is a full dependently typed programming language see especially

Dependent types (of this language) also provide a not-forgetful concept of views (already mentioned in the Haskell Future; the connection between these concepts is described in p. 32 of Epigram Tutorial (section 4.6 Patterns Forget; Matching Is Remembering).

## 2.2 Agda

Agda is a system for incrementally developing proofs and programs. Agda is also a functional language with dependent types. This language is very similar to cayenne and agda is intended to be a (almost) full implementation of it in the future.“

People who are interested also in theorem proving may sse the theorem provers page.

## 2.3 Cayene

Cayene is influenced also by constructive type theory (see its page). Dependent types make it possible not to have a separate module lenguage and a core language. This idea may concern Haskell too, see First-class module page.

# 3 Dependent types in Haskell programming

## 3.1 Proposals

John Hughes: Dependent Types in Haskell (some ideas).