(New page: Inspired by http://stackoverflow.com/questions/7603509/haskell-syntax-for-or-in-case-expressions It is proposed that Haskell allow multiple pattern matches in a case statement to map to a...)
Revision as of 03:47, 30 September 2011
It is proposed that Haskell allow multiple pattern matches in a case statement to map to a single right-hand-side expression.
factorial :: Int -> Int factorial n = case n of 0, 1 -> 1 _ | n < 0 -> undefined _ -> n * factorial (pred n) -- without this suggested extension, -- the cases of 0 and 1 would have to be handled separately.
If the right-hand-side expression utilizes bound variables from the pattern match, then all grouped pattern matches must bind the same variable.
unEither :: Either a a -> a unEither eitherVal = case eitherVal of Left v, Right v -> v
This is because only one of the pattern matches will occur. Clearly, the RHS cannot draw from multiple differing pattern matches. This would be an error.
-- this would be a scoping error eitherSum :: Either Int Int -> Int eitherSum eitherVal case eitherVal of Left l, Right r -> l + r
An additional example:
-- modified example from Haskell School of Music getDur :: Primitive a -> Dur getDur p = case p of ModDur (Tempo r) d -> d / r Note d _, Rest d, ModDur _ d -> d -- notice how we don't have to write `-> d` for -- each of the 3 trivial cases; they all share the same RHS -- layout rules should also permit -- splitting the shared matches over multiple lines getDur' :: Primitive a -> Dur getDur' p = case p of ModDur (Tempo r) d -> d / r Note d _, Rest d, ModDur _ d -> d