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Parallel/Glossary

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== N-R ==
   
; parallel(ism)
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; parallelism (vs concurrency)
   
 
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== S-Z ==

Revision as of 10:07, 20 April 2011

Contents

1 A-H

bound thread
concurrency
distributed
distributed memory model
Haskell thread
A Haskell thread is a thread of execution for IO code. Multiple Haskell threads can execute IO code concurrently and they can communicate using shared mutable variables and channels.
see spark (vs threads)

2 I-M

3 N-R

parallelism
parallelism (vs concurrency)

4 S-Z

shared memory model
spark
Sparks are specific to parallel Haskell. Abstractly, a spark is a pure computation which may be evaluated in parallel. Sparks are introduced with the par combinator; the expression (x `par` y) "sparks off" x, telling the runtime that it may evaluate the value of x in parallel to other work. Whether or not a spark is evaluated in parallel with other computations, or other Haskell IO threads, depends on what your hardware supports and on how your program is written. Sparks are put in a work queue and when a CPU core is idle, it can execute a spark by taking one from the work queue and evaluating it.
see spark (vs thread)
spark (vs thread)
On a multi-core machine, both threads and sparks can be used to achieve parallelism. Threads give you concurrent, non-deterministic parallelism, while sparks give you pure deterministic parallelism. Haskell threads are ideal for applications like network servers where you need to do lots of I/O and using concurrency fits the nature of the problem. Sparks are ideal for speeding up pure calculations where adding non-deterministic concurrency would just make things more complicated.
OS thread
thread
see Haskell thread, OS thread and bound thread