The Other Prelude
1 Call For Contribution
This fun project, called The Other Prelude, is a creative reconstruction of the standard Prelude. By disregarding history and compatibility, we get a clean sheet.
This project has no committee whatsoever. Issues are discussed on the talk page.
3 Naming Conventions
- Function names should be easy for beginners to consume.
- Specifically, The Other Prelude naming convention is to use
- descriptive symbols for functions that are naturally infix (e.g., is replaced bymplus)(++)
- whole English words and camelCase for functions (e.g., but notorElse)fmap
- descriptive symbols for functions that are naturally infix (e.g.,
4 Design Philosophy
4.1 Taking Typeclasses Seriously
Following Not just Maybe, functions should be generalized whenever possible. Of course, efficiency might be a concern but this is a fun project anyway.
- means the same thing asconcat. We propose we don't usejoinat all.concat
- is justconcatMap. That is, monadic functions are preferred over the same functions with different name.(>>=)
4.2 The Hierarchy
Although, not Haskell 98, hierarchical modules will definitely be in Haskell'. We take it for granted.
- - Minimalistic module.TheOtherPrelude
- - Convenient definitions. The reasoning behind its existence is that we want the Prelude to be very concise. It should not steal good names.TheOtherPrelude.Utilities
5 Open Issues
- When the same function has an infix and a prefix implementation, should one of them be outside the class to enforce consistency?
- Should Prelude functions use instead ofInteger? MaybeIntorIntegral n => nin some cases?Ix i => i
- Should be a class rather than a type synonym?String
- The current proposal lacks a well thought mechanism. Should it be integrated intofail, or have a class of his own, or remain in theMonadZeroclass?Monad
What we have here right now is not ready to be adopted by existing projects. The class system extension proposal might make a difference.
7 The Code
Currently, the code is in Wiki form. If people do agree that the collaborative decisions begot something pretty, we'll have a group of files in darcs.haskell.org some time.
The imaginary Prelude as it stands:
module TheOtherPrelude where import Prelude (id, const, flip) -- hide almost everything -- The idea is to rename 'fmap'. -- Both map :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] (in ) -- and (.) :: (a -> b) -> (e -> a) -> (e -> b) (in (->) e) -- are good names, and are intuitively prefix and infix respectively. -- 'map' is aliased as (.) below. class Functor f where map :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b (.) :: (Functor f) => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b (.) = map class (Functor p) => Applicative p where -- Minimal complete definition: return and (<@>). pure :: a -> p a -- value lifting (<@>) :: p (a -> b) -> p a -> p b -- lifted application (>>) :: p a -> p b -> p b -- when the second is independent of the first pa >> pb = (const id) . pa <@> pb --map f pa = return f <@> pa -- see Class system extension proposal, below apply :: (Applicative p) => p (a -> b) -> p a -> p b apply = (<@>) class (Applicative m) => Monad m where -- Minimal complete definition: one of join or (>>=). (>>=) :: m a -> (a -> m b) -> m b -- bind join :: m (m a) -> m a -- combining levels of structure ma >>= k = join (map k ma) join mma = mma >>= id --mf <@> ma = mf >>= flip map ma -- see Class system extension proposal, below --ma >> mb = ma >>= const mb --map f ma = ma >>= return . f -- this depends on (.), which is map! Be careful. -- We copy from the MonadPlus reform proposal (link below) now. -- 'zero' will be used when pattern matching against refutable patterns in -- do-notation as well as to provide support for monad comprehensions. class (Monad mz) => MonadZero mz where -- Should satisfy 'left zero': zero >>= f = zero zero :: mz a class (MonadZero mp) => MonadPlus mp where -- Should satisfy 'monoid': -- zero ++ b = b; b ++ zero = b -- (a ++ b) ++ c = a ++ (b ++ c) -- and 'left distribution': -- (a ++ b) >>= f = (a >>= f) ++ (b >>= f) (++) :: mp a -> mp a -> mp a class (MonadZero mo) => MonadOr mo where -- Should satisfy 'monoid': -- zero `orElse` b = b; b `orElse` zero = b -- (a `orElse` b) `orElse` c = a `orElse` (b `orElse` c) -- and 'left catch': -- (return a) `orElse` b = a orElse :: mo a -> mo a -> mo a
module TheOtherPrelude.Utilities where import Prelude () -- hide everything -- this is the if-then-else proposal -- the name has been chosen to reflect the magic of Church booleans! -- the order of arguments matches that of maybe and either. boolean x _ True = x boolean _ y False = y
8 How To Use
-- ''The Other Prelude'' is an alternative, not a replacement. -- So we need to hide everything from the Prelude import Prelude () -- This is just an example assuming there is nothing to hide import TheOtherPrelude -- Hopefully, this module will contain lift,... -- Standard convention is to use M.lift (instead of liftM) import qualified TheOtherPrelude.Monad.Kleisli as M
9 See also
- Class system extension proposal - Makes this proposal worth reading at last
- Functor hierarchy proposal - Making implyMonad m(adopted by The Other Prelude).Functor m
- If-then-else - Making a function (partially adopted by The Other Prelude, we are silent on the bigger issue of sugar).if
- MissingH - Functions "missing" from the Haskell Prelude/libraries.
- MonadPlus reform proposal - Clarifies ambiguities around MonadPlus laws (adopted by The Other Prelude)
- Mathematical prelude discussion - A Numeric Prelude in good shape already. Will a merger be ever possible?
- Prelude extensions and List function suggestions - Unlike The Other Prelude they enhance the Prelude.
- Not just Maybe - Instead of writing inside a specific monad (i.e. Maybe) write functions generalized on (Monad m)=> where possible.