ThreadScope is a tool for performance profiling of parallel Haskell programs.
The ThreadScope program allows us to debug the parallel performance of Haskell programs. Using ThreadScope we can check to see that work is well balanced across the available processors and spot performance issues relating to garbage collection or poor load balancing.
ThreadScope is a graphical viewer for thread profile information generated by the Glasgow Haskell compiler (GHC). An example of a trace profile is shown below:
ThreadScope version 0.2.0 can be used to help debug performance issues with parallel and concurrent Haskell programs. The program has the following features.
- The program displays the activity on each Haskell Execution Context (HEC) which roughly corresponds to an operating system thread. For each thread you can see whether it is running a Haskell thread or performing garbage collection. You can find out information about when Haskell threads are ready to run and information about why a Haskell thread was suspended.
- An activity profile indicates the rough utilization of the HECs and when the number of HECs are greater than the number of processing cores this gives a rough guide to the overall utilization.
- You can place bookmarks at various points in the time profile to help with navigation. Bookmarks can be emitted from Haskell code using the `traceEvent` action.
- You can view the rate at which "par sparks" are created and evaluated during the program, and the size of the spark queue on each HEC. (This feature requires GHC-7.3 or later which is currently the development version.)
2 Using ThreadScope
To compile a program for parallel profiling use the -eventlog flag and you will also want to use the -threaded flag to compile with the multi-threaded runtime e.g.
ghc -threaded -eventlog -rtsopts --make Wombat.hs
To execute a program and generate a profile use the -ls flag after +RTS:
Wombat +RTS -ls -N2
The -N2 flag specifies the use of two Haskell Execution Contexts (i.e. cores). Once the program has been run it will produce a profile file called Wombat.eventlog or Wombat.exe.eventlog (depending on your operating system). You can now view this file with threadscope by specifying the eventlog filename as a command line argument or by navigating to it from the File menu of ThreadScope.
3 Installing ThreadScope
The recommendation is to use the Haskell Platform. This includes GHC and the cabal package tool. At minimum you need GHC-6.12.
Threadscope itself is available from hackage.
It has a dependency on the Haskell Gtk+ binding (Gtk2Hs) which involves a bit of manual work on Windows and Mac OS X to install the Gtk+ C libraries.
See the Gtk2Hs installation instructions for details:
Once you have the Gtk+ C libraries installed it is just a matter of running:
cabal install threadscope
You can now try to run ThreadScope to make sure it built correctly by viewing a built-in sample trace:
threadscope --test ch8
4 More Information
- Parallel Performance Tuning for Haskell.
- Runtime Support for Multicore Haskell.
- A Tutorial on Parallel and Concurrent Programming in Haskell.
- A video by Simon Marlow which demos ThreadScope.
Please send comments, corrections etc. to firstname.lastname@example.org
You may also wish to join the parallel-haskell google group.
5 Development and reporting bugs
There is a bug tracker and developer wiki.
The source for ghc-events and threadscope is available:
darcs get http://code.haskell.org/ghc-events/ darcs get http://code.haskell.org/ThreadScope/
Donnie Jones, email@example.com Simon Marlow, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://www.haskell.org/~simonmar/ Satnam Singh, email@example.com, http://research.microsoft.com/~satnams Duncan Coutts, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://www.well-typed.com/who_we_are Mikolaj Konarski, email@example.com
Simon Marlow, Simon Peyton Jones, and Satnam Singh, Runtime Support for Multicore Haskell, in ICFP 2009, Association for Computing Machinery, Inc., 5 September 2009
Don Jones Jr., Simon Marlow, and Satnam Singh, Parallel Performance Tuning for Haskell, in ACM SIGPLAN 2009 Haskell Symposium, Association for Computing Machinery, Inc., 3 September 2009
Upcoming: Duncan Coutts, Mikolaj Konarski and Andres Loeh, Spark Visualization in ThreadScope, Haskell Implementors Workshop 2011