transformers-0.3.0.0: Concrete functor and monad transformers

Portabilityportable
Stabilityexperimental
Maintainerross@soi.city.ac.uk
Safe HaskellSafe-Inferred

Control.Monad.Trans.Cont

Contents

Description

Continuation monads.

Synopsis

The Cont monad

type Cont r = ContT r IdentitySource

Continuation monad. Cont r a is a CPS computation that produces an intermediate result of type a within a CPS computation whose final result type is r.

The return function simply creates a continuation which passes the value on.

The >>= operator adds the bound function into the continuation chain.

cont :: ((a -> r) -> r) -> Cont r aSource

Construct a continuation-passing computation from a function. (The inverse of runCont.)

runContSource

Arguments

:: Cont r a

continuation computation (Cont).

-> (a -> r)

the final continuation, which produces the final result (often id).

-> r 

Runs a CPS computation, returns its result after applying the final continuation to it. (The inverse of cont.)

mapCont :: (r -> r) -> Cont r a -> Cont r aSource

Apply a function to transform the result of a continuation-passing computation.

withCont :: ((b -> r) -> a -> r) -> Cont r a -> Cont r bSource

Apply a function to transform the continuation passed to a CPS computation.

The ContT monad transformer

newtype ContT r m a Source

The continuation monad transformer. Can be used to add continuation handling to other monads.

Constructors

ContT 

Fields

runContT :: (a -> m r) -> m r
 

Instances

MonadTrans (ContT r) 
Monad (ContT r m) 
Functor (ContT r m) 
Applicative (ContT r m) 
MonadIO m => MonadIO (ContT r m) 

mapContT :: (m r -> m r) -> ContT r m a -> ContT r m aSource

Apply a function to transform the result of a continuation-passing computation.

withContT :: ((b -> m r) -> a -> m r) -> ContT r m a -> ContT r m bSource

Apply a function to transform the continuation passed to a CPS computation.

callCC :: ((a -> ContT r m b) -> ContT r m a) -> ContT r m aSource

callCC (call-with-current-continuation) calls its argument function, passing it the current continuation. It provides an escape continuation mechanism for use with continuation monads. Escape continuations one allow to abort the current computation and return a value immediately. They achieve a similar effect to throwError and catchError within an ErrorT monad. The advantage of this function over calling return is that it makes the continuation explicit, allowing more flexibility and better control.

The standard idiom used with callCC is to provide a lambda-expression to name the continuation. Then calling the named continuation anywhere within its scope will escape from the computation, even if it is many layers deep within nested computations.

Lifting other operations

liftLocal :: Monad m => m r' -> ((r' -> r') -> m r -> m r) -> (r' -> r') -> ContT r m a -> ContT r m aSource

liftLocal ask local yields a local function for ContT r m.