vector-0.10.0.1: Efficient Arrays

Portabilitynon-portable
Stabilityexperimental
MaintainerRoman Leshchinskiy <[email protected]>
Safe HaskellNone

Data.Vector.Storable

Contents

Description

Storable-based vectors.

Synopsis

Storable vectors

data Vector a Source

Storable-based vectors

Instances

Typeable1 Vector 
Storable a => Vector Vector a 
(Storable a, Eq a) => Eq (Vector a) 
(Data a, Storable a) => Data (Vector a) 
(Storable a, Ord a) => Ord (Vector a) 
(Read a, Storable a) => Read (Vector a) 
(Show a, Storable a) => Show (Vector a) 
NFData (Vector a) 
Storable a => Monoid (Vector a) 

data MVector s a Source

Mutable Storable-based vectors

Constructors

MVector !Int !(ForeignPtr a) 

Instances

Typeable2 MVector 
Storable a => MVector MVector a 
NFData (MVector s a) 

class Storable a

Instances

Storable Bool 
Storable Char 
Storable Double 
Storable Float 
Storable Int 
Storable Int8 
Storable Int16 
Storable Int32 
Storable Int64 
Storable Word 
Storable Word8 
Storable Word16 
Storable Word32 
Storable Word64 
Storable Fingerprint 
Storable WordPtr 
Storable IntPtr 
Storable CSize 
Storable CInt 
Storable CWchar 
Storable CUShort 
Storable CUSeconds 
Storable CULong 
Storable CULLong 
Storable CUIntPtr 
Storable CUIntMax 
Storable CUInt 
Storable CUChar 
Storable CTime 
Storable CSigAtomic 
Storable CShort 
Storable CSUSeconds 
Storable CSChar 
Storable CPtrdiff 
Storable CLong 
Storable CLLong 
Storable CIntPtr 
Storable CIntMax 
Storable CFloat 
Storable CDouble 
Storable CClock 
Storable CChar 
Storable (StablePtr a) 
Storable (Ptr a) 
Storable (FunPtr a) 

Accessors

Length information

length :: Storable a => Vector a -> IntSource

O(1) Yield the length of the vector.

null :: Storable a => Vector a -> BoolSource

O(1) Test whether a vector if empty

Indexing

(!) :: Storable a => Vector a -> Int -> aSource

O(1) Indexing

(!?) :: Storable a => Vector a -> Int -> Maybe aSource

O(1) Safe indexing

head :: Storable a => Vector a -> aSource

O(1) First element

last :: Storable a => Vector a -> aSource

O(1) Last element

unsafeIndex :: Storable a => Vector a -> Int -> aSource

O(1) Unsafe indexing without bounds checking

unsafeHead :: Storable a => Vector a -> aSource

O(1) First element without checking if the vector is empty

unsafeLast :: Storable a => Vector a -> aSource

O(1) Last element without checking if the vector is empty

Monadic indexing

indexM :: (Storable a, Monad m) => Vector a -> Int -> m aSource

O(1) Indexing in a monad.

The monad allows operations to be strict in the vector when necessary. Suppose vector copying is implemented like this:

 copy mv v = ... write mv i (v ! i) ...

For lazy vectors, v ! i would not be evaluated which means that mv would unnecessarily retain a reference to v in each element written.

With indexM, copying can be implemented like this instead:

 copy mv v = ... do
                   x <- indexM v i
                   write mv i x

Here, no references to v are retained because indexing (but not the elements) is evaluated eagerly.

headM :: (Storable a, Monad m) => Vector a -> m aSource

O(1) First element of a vector in a monad. See indexM for an explanation of why this is useful.

lastM :: (Storable a, Monad m) => Vector a -> m aSource

O(1) Last element of a vector in a monad. See indexM for an explanation of why this is useful.

unsafeIndexM :: (Storable a, Monad m) => Vector a -> Int -> m aSource

O(1) Indexing in a monad without bounds checks. See indexM for an explanation of why this is useful.

unsafeHeadM :: (Storable a, Monad m) => Vector a -> m aSource

O(1) First element in a monad without checking for empty vectors. See indexM for an explanation of why this is useful.

unsafeLastM :: (Storable a, Monad m) => Vector a -> m aSource

O(1) Last element in a monad without checking for empty vectors. See indexM for an explanation of why this is useful.

Extracting subvectors (slicing)

sliceSource

Arguments

:: Storable a 
=> Int

i starting index

-> Int

n length

-> Vector a 
-> Vector a 

O(1) Yield a slice of the vector without copying it. The vector must contain at least i+n elements.

init :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield all but the last element without copying. The vector may not be empty.

tail :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield all but the first element without copying. The vector may not be empty.

take :: Storable a => Int -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield at the first n elements without copying. The vector may contain less than n elements in which case it is returned unchanged.

drop :: Storable a => Int -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield all but the first n elements without copying. The vector may contain less than n elements in which case an empty vector is returned.

splitAt :: Storable a => Int -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a)Source

O(1) Yield the first n elements paired with the remainder without copying.

Note that splitAt n v is equivalent to (take n v, drop n v) but slightly more efficient.

unsafeSliceSource

Arguments

:: Storable a 
=> Int

i starting index

-> Int

n length

-> Vector a 
-> Vector a 

O(1) Yield a slice of the vector without copying. The vector must contain at least i+n elements but this is not checked.

unsafeInit :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield all but the last element without copying. The vector may not be empty but this is not checked.

unsafeTail :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield all but the first element without copying. The vector may not be empty but this is not checked.

unsafeTake :: Storable a => Int -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield the first n elements without copying. The vector must contain at least n elements but this is not checked.

unsafeDrop :: Storable a => Int -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Yield all but the first n elements without copying. The vector must contain at least n elements but this is not checked.

Construction

Initialisation

empty :: Storable a => Vector aSource

O(1) Empty vector

singleton :: Storable a => a -> Vector aSource

O(1) Vector with exactly one element

replicate :: Storable a => Int -> a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Vector of the given length with the same value in each position

generate :: Storable a => Int -> (Int -> a) -> Vector aSource

O(n) Construct a vector of the given length by applying the function to each index

iterateN :: Storable a => Int -> (a -> a) -> a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Apply function n times to value. Zeroth element is original value.

Monadic initialisation

replicateM :: (Monad m, Storable a) => Int -> m a -> m (Vector a)Source

O(n) Execute the monadic action the given number of times and store the results in a vector.

generateM :: (Monad m, Storable a) => Int -> (Int -> m a) -> m (Vector a)Source

O(n) Construct a vector of the given length by applying the monadic action to each index

create :: Storable a => (forall s. ST s (MVector s a)) -> Vector aSource

Execute the monadic action and freeze the resulting vector.

 create (do { v <- new 2; write v 0 'a'; write v 1 'b'; return v }) = <a,b>

Unfolding

unfoldr :: Storable a => (b -> Maybe (a, b)) -> b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Construct a vector by repeatedly applying the generator function to a seed. The generator function yields Just the next element and the new seed or Nothing if there are no more elements.

 unfoldr (\n -> if n == 0 then Nothing else Just (n,n-1)) 10
  = <10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1>

unfoldrN :: Storable a => Int -> (b -> Maybe (a, b)) -> b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Construct a vector with at most n by repeatedly applying the generator function to the a seed. The generator function yields Just the next element and the new seed or Nothing if there are no more elements.

 unfoldrN 3 (\n -> Just (n,n-1)) 10 = <10,9,8>

constructN :: Storable a => Int -> (Vector a -> a) -> Vector aSource

O(n) Construct a vector with n elements by repeatedly applying the generator function to the already constructed part of the vector.

 constructN 3 f = let a = f <> ; b = f <a> ; c = f <a,b> in f <a,b,c>

constructrN :: Storable a => Int -> (Vector a -> a) -> Vector aSource

O(n) Construct a vector with n elements from right to left by repeatedly applying the generator function to the already constructed part of the vector.

 constructrN 3 f = let a = f <> ; b = f<a> ; c = f <b,a> in f <c,b,a>

Enumeration

enumFromN :: (Storable a, Num a) => a -> Int -> Vector aSource

O(n) Yield a vector of the given length containing the values x, x+1 etc. This operation is usually more efficient than enumFromTo.

 enumFromN 5 3 = <5,6,7>

enumFromStepN :: (Storable a, Num a) => a -> a -> Int -> Vector aSource

O(n) Yield a vector of the given length containing the values x, x+y, x+y+y etc. This operations is usually more efficient than enumFromThenTo.

 enumFromStepN 1 0.1 5 = <1,1.1,1.2,1.3,1.4>

enumFromTo :: (Storable a, Enum a) => a -> a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Enumerate values from x to y.

WARNING: This operation can be very inefficient. If at all possible, use enumFromN instead.

enumFromThenTo :: (Storable a, Enum a) => a -> a -> a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Enumerate values from x to y with a specific step z.

WARNING: This operation can be very inefficient. If at all possible, use enumFromStepN instead.

Concatenation

cons :: Storable a => a -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Prepend an element

snoc :: Storable a => Vector a -> a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Append an element

(++) :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(m+n) Concatenate two vectors

concat :: Storable a => [Vector a] -> Vector aSource

O(n) Concatenate all vectors in the list

Restricting memory usage

force :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Yield the argument but force it not to retain any extra memory, possibly by copying it.

This is especially useful when dealing with slices. For example:

 force (slice 0 2 <huge vector>)

Here, the slice retains a reference to the huge vector. Forcing it creates a copy of just the elements that belong to the slice and allows the huge vector to be garbage collected.

Modifying vectors

Bulk updates

(//)Source

Arguments

:: Storable a 
=> Vector a

initial vector (of length m)

-> [(Int, a)]

list of index/value pairs (of length n)

-> Vector a 

O(m+n) For each pair (i,a) from the list, replace the vector element at position i by a.

 <5,9,2,7> // [(2,1),(0,3),(2,8)] = <3,9,8,7>

update_Source

Arguments

:: Storable a 
=> Vector a

initial vector (of length m)

-> Vector Int

index vector (of length n1)

-> Vector a

value vector (of length n2)

-> Vector a 

O(m+min(n1,n2)) For each index i from the index vector and the corresponding value a from the value vector, replace the element of the initial vector at position i by a.

 update_ <5,9,2,7>  <2,0,2> <1,3,8> = <3,9,8,7>

unsafeUpd :: Storable a => Vector a -> [(Int, a)] -> Vector aSource

Same as (//) but without bounds checking.

unsafeUpdate_ :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector Int -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

Same as update_ but without bounds checking.

Accumulations

accumSource

Arguments

:: Storable a 
=> (a -> b -> a)

accumulating function f

-> Vector a

initial vector (of length m)

-> [(Int, b)]

list of index/value pairs (of length n)

-> Vector a 

O(m+n) For each pair (i,b) from the list, replace the vector element a at position i by f a b.

 accum (+) <5,9,2> [(2,4),(1,6),(0,3),(1,7)] = <5+3, 9+6+7, 2+4>

accumulate_Source

Arguments

:: (Storable a, Storable b) 
=> (a -> b -> a)

accumulating function f

-> Vector a

initial vector (of length m)

-> Vector Int

index vector (of length n1)

-> Vector b

value vector (of length n2)

-> Vector a 

O(m+min(n1,n2)) For each index i from the index vector and the corresponding value b from the the value vector, replace the element of the initial vector at position i by f a b.

 accumulate_ (+) <5,9,2> <2,1,0,1> <4,6,3,7> = <5+3, 9+6+7, 2+4>

unsafeAccum :: Storable a => (a -> b -> a) -> Vector a -> [(Int, b)] -> Vector aSource

Same as accum but without bounds checking.

unsafeAccumulate_ :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector Int -> Vector b -> Vector aSource

Same as accumulate_ but without bounds checking.

Permutations

reverse :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Reverse a vector

backpermute :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector Int -> Vector aSource

O(n) Yield the vector obtained by replacing each element i of the index vector by xs!i. This is equivalent to map (xs!) is but is often much more efficient.

 backpermute <a,b,c,d> <0,3,2,3,1,0> = <a,d,c,d,b,a>

unsafeBackpermute :: Storable a => Vector a -> Vector Int -> Vector aSource

Same as backpermute but without bounds checking.

Safe destructive updates

modify :: Storable a => (forall s. MVector s a -> ST s ()) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

Apply a destructive operation to a vector. The operation will be performed in place if it is safe to do so and will modify a copy of the vector otherwise.

 modify (\v -> write v 0 'x') (replicate 3 'a') = <'x','a','a'>

Elementwise operations

Mapping

map :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b) -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Map a function over a vector

imap :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (Int -> a -> b) -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Apply a function to every element of a vector and its index

concatMap :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> Vector b) -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

Map a function over a vector and concatenate the results.

Monadic mapping

mapM :: (Monad m, Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> m b) -> Vector a -> m (Vector b)Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of the vector, yielding a vector of results

mapM_ :: (Monad m, Storable a) => (a -> m b) -> Vector a -> m ()Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of a vector and ignore the results

forM :: (Monad m, Storable a, Storable b) => Vector a -> (a -> m b) -> m (Vector b)Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of the vector, yielding a vector of results. Equvalent to flip mapM.

forM_ :: (Monad m, Storable a) => Vector a -> (a -> m b) -> m ()Source

O(n) Apply the monadic action to all elements of a vector and ignore the results. Equivalent to flip mapM_.

Zipping

zipWith :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c) => (a -> b -> c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector cSource

O(min(m,n)) Zip two vectors with the given function.

zipWith3 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d) => (a -> b -> c -> d) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector dSource

Zip three vectors with the given function.

zipWith4 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d, Storable e) => (a -> b -> c -> d -> e) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector eSource

zipWith5 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d, Storable e, Storable f) => (a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector fSource

zipWith6 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d, Storable e, Storable f, Storable g) => (a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f -> g) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector f -> Vector gSource

izipWith :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c) => (Int -> a -> b -> c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector cSource

O(min(m,n)) Zip two vectors with a function that also takes the elements' indices.

izipWith3 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d) => (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector dSource

Zip three vectors and their indices with the given function.

izipWith4 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d, Storable e) => (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d -> e) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector eSource

izipWith5 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d, Storable e, Storable f) => (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector fSource

izipWith6 :: (Storable a, Storable b, Storable c, Storable d, Storable e, Storable f, Storable g) => (Int -> a -> b -> c -> d -> e -> f -> g) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> Vector c -> Vector d -> Vector e -> Vector f -> Vector gSource

Monadic zipping

zipWithM :: (Monad m, Storable a, Storable b, Storable c) => (a -> b -> m c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> m (Vector c)Source

O(min(m,n)) Zip the two vectors with the monadic action and yield a vector of results

zipWithM_ :: (Monad m, Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> m c) -> Vector a -> Vector b -> m ()Source

O(min(m,n)) Zip the two vectors with the monadic action and ignore the results

Working with predicates

Filtering

filter :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Drop elements that do not satisfy the predicate

ifilter :: Storable a => (Int -> a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Drop elements that do not satisfy the predicate which is applied to values and their indices

filterM :: (Monad m, Storable a) => (a -> m Bool) -> Vector a -> m (Vector a)Source

O(n) Drop elements that do not satisfy the monadic predicate

takeWhile :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Yield the longest prefix of elements satisfying the predicate without copying.

dropWhile :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Drop the longest prefix of elements that satisfy the predicate without copying.

Partitioning

partition :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a)Source

O(n) Split the vector in two parts, the first one containing those elements that satisfy the predicate and the second one those that don't. The relative order of the elements is preserved at the cost of a sometimes reduced performance compared to unstablePartition.

unstablePartition :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a)Source

O(n) Split the vector in two parts, the first one containing those elements that satisfy the predicate and the second one those that don't. The order of the elements is not preserved but the operation is often faster than partition.

span :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a)Source

O(n) Split the vector into the longest prefix of elements that satisfy the predicate and the rest without copying.

break :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> (Vector a, Vector a)Source

O(n) Split the vector into the longest prefix of elements that do not satisfy the predicate and the rest without copying.

Searching

elem :: (Storable a, Eq a) => a -> Vector a -> BoolSource

O(n) Check if the vector contains an element

notElem :: (Storable a, Eq a) => a -> Vector a -> BoolSource

O(n) Check if the vector does not contain an element (inverse of elem)

find :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Maybe aSource

O(n) Yield Just the first element matching the predicate or Nothing if no such element exists.

findIndex :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Maybe IntSource

O(n) Yield Just the index of the first element matching the predicate or Nothing if no such element exists.

findIndices :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> Vector IntSource

O(n) Yield the indices of elements satisfying the predicate in ascending order.

elemIndex :: (Storable a, Eq a) => a -> Vector a -> Maybe IntSource

O(n) Yield Just the index of the first occurence of the given element or Nothing if the vector does not contain the element. This is a specialised version of findIndex.

elemIndices :: (Storable a, Eq a) => a -> Vector a -> Vector IntSource

O(n) Yield the indices of all occurences of the given element in ascending order. This is a specialised version of findIndices.

Folding

foldl :: Storable b => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> aSource

O(n) Left fold

foldl1 :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Left fold on non-empty vectors

foldl' :: Storable b => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> aSource

O(n) Left fold with strict accumulator

foldl1' :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Left fold on non-empty vectors with strict accumulator

foldr :: Storable a => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> bSource

O(n) Right fold

foldr1 :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Right fold on non-empty vectors

foldr' :: Storable a => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> bSource

O(n) Right fold with a strict accumulator

foldr1' :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Right fold on non-empty vectors with strict accumulator

ifoldl :: Storable b => (a -> Int -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> aSource

O(n) Left fold (function applied to each element and its index)

ifoldl' :: Storable b => (a -> Int -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> aSource

O(n) Left fold with strict accumulator (function applied to each element and its index)

ifoldr :: Storable a => (Int -> a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> bSource

O(n) Right fold (function applied to each element and its index)

ifoldr' :: Storable a => (Int -> a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> bSource

O(n) Right fold with strict accumulator (function applied to each element and its index)

Specialised folds

all :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> BoolSource

O(n) Check if all elements satisfy the predicate.

any :: Storable a => (a -> Bool) -> Vector a -> BoolSource

O(n) Check if any element satisfies the predicate.

and :: Vector Bool -> BoolSource

O(n) Check if all elements are True

or :: Vector Bool -> BoolSource

O(n) Check if any element is True

sum :: (Storable a, Num a) => Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Compute the sum of the elements

product :: (Storable a, Num a) => Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Compute the produce of the elements

maximum :: (Storable a, Ord a) => Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Yield the maximum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

maximumBy :: Storable a => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Yield the maximum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

minimum :: (Storable a, Ord a) => Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Yield the minimum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

minimumBy :: Storable a => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> aSource

O(n) Yield the minimum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

minIndex :: (Storable a, Ord a) => Vector a -> IntSource

O(n) Yield the index of the minimum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

minIndexBy :: Storable a => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> IntSource

O(n) Yield the index of the minimum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

maxIndex :: (Storable a, Ord a) => Vector a -> IntSource

O(n) Yield the index of the maximum element of the vector. The vector may not be empty.

maxIndexBy :: Storable a => (a -> a -> Ordering) -> Vector a -> IntSource

O(n) Yield the index of the maximum element of the vector according to the given comparison function. The vector may not be empty.

Monadic folds

foldM :: (Monad m, Storable b) => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m aSource

O(n) Monadic fold

foldM' :: (Monad m, Storable b) => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m aSource

O(n) Monadic fold with strict accumulator

fold1M :: (Monad m, Storable a) => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m aSource

O(n) Monadic fold over non-empty vectors

fold1M' :: (Monad m, Storable a) => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m aSource

O(n) Monadic fold over non-empty vectors with strict accumulator

foldM_ :: (Monad m, Storable b) => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m ()Source

O(n) Monadic fold that discards the result

foldM'_ :: (Monad m, Storable b) => (a -> b -> m a) -> a -> Vector b -> m ()Source

O(n) Monadic fold with strict accumulator that discards the result

fold1M_ :: (Monad m, Storable a) => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m ()Source

O(n) Monadic fold over non-empty vectors that discards the result

fold1M'_ :: (Monad m, Storable a) => (a -> a -> m a) -> Vector a -> m ()Source

O(n) Monadic fold over non-empty vectors with strict accumulator that discards the result

Prefix sums (scans)

prescanl :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Prescan

 prescanl f z = init . scanl f z

Example: prescanl (+) 0 <1,2,3,4> = <0,1,3,6>

prescanl' :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Prescan with strict accumulator

postscanl :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Scan

 postscanl f z = tail . scanl f z

Example: postscanl (+) 0 <1,2,3,4> = <1,3,6,10>

postscanl' :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Scan with strict accumulator

scanl :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Haskell-style scan

 scanl f z <x1,...,xn> = <y1,...,y(n+1)>
   where y1 = z
         yi = f y(i-1) x(i-1)

Example: scanl (+) 0 <1,2,3,4> = <0,1,3,6,10>

scanl' :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> a) -> a -> Vector b -> Vector aSource

O(n) Haskell-style scan with strict accumulator

scanl1 :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Scan over a non-empty vector

 scanl f <x1,...,xn> = <y1,...,yn>
   where y1 = x1
         yi = f y(i-1) xi

scanl1' :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Scan over a non-empty vector with a strict accumulator

prescanr :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Right-to-left prescan

 prescanr f z = reverse . prescanl (flip f) z . reverse

prescanr' :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Right-to-left prescan with strict accumulator

postscanr :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Right-to-left scan

postscanr' :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Right-to-left scan with strict accumulator

scanr :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Right-to-left Haskell-style scan

scanr' :: (Storable a, Storable b) => (a -> b -> b) -> b -> Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(n) Right-to-left Haskell-style scan with strict accumulator

scanr1 :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Right-to-left scan over a non-empty vector

scanr1' :: Storable a => (a -> a -> a) -> Vector a -> Vector aSource

O(n) Right-to-left scan over a non-empty vector with a strict accumulator

Conversions

Lists

toList :: Storable a => Vector a -> [a]Source

O(n) Convert a vector to a list

fromList :: Storable a => [a] -> Vector aSource

O(n) Convert a list to a vector

fromListN :: Storable a => Int -> [a] -> Vector aSource

O(n) Convert the first n elements of a list to a vector

 fromListN n xs = fromList (take n xs)

Other vector types

convert :: (Vector v a, Vector w a) => v a -> w aSource

O(n) Convert different vector types

unsafeCast :: forall a b. (Storable a, Storable b) => Vector a -> Vector bSource

O(1) Unsafely cast a vector from one element type to another. The operation just changes the type of the underlying pointer and does not modify the elements.

The resulting vector contains as many elements as can fit into the underlying memory block.

Mutable vectors

freeze :: (Storable a, PrimMonad m) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> m (Vector a)Source

O(n) Yield an immutable copy of the mutable vector.

thaw :: (Storable a, PrimMonad m) => Vector a -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)Source

O(n) Yield a mutable copy of the immutable vector.

copy :: (Storable a, PrimMonad m) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Vector a -> m ()Source

O(n) Copy an immutable vector into a mutable one. The two vectors must have the same length.

unsafeFreeze :: (Storable a, PrimMonad m) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> m (Vector a)Source

O(1) Unsafe convert a mutable vector to an immutable one without copying. The mutable vector may not be used after this operation.

unsafeThaw :: (Storable a, PrimMonad m) => Vector a -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)Source

O(1) Unsafely convert an immutable vector to a mutable one without copying. The immutable vector may not be used after this operation.

unsafeCopy :: (Storable a, PrimMonad m) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Vector a -> m ()Source

O(n) Copy an immutable vector into a mutable one. The two vectors must have the same length. This is not checked.

Raw pointers

unsafeFromForeignPtrSource

Arguments

:: Storable a 
=> ForeignPtr a

pointer

-> Int

offset

-> Int

length

-> Vector a 

O(1) Create a vector from a ForeignPtr with an offset and a length.

The data may not be modified through the ForeignPtr afterwards.

If your offset is 0 it is more efficient to use unsafeFromForeignPtr0.

unsafeFromForeignPtr0Source

Arguments

:: Storable a 
=> ForeignPtr a

pointer

-> Int

length

-> Vector a 

O(1) Create a vector from a ForeignPtr and a length.

It is assumed the pointer points directly to the data (no offset). Use unsafeFromForeignPtr if you need to specify an offset.

The data may not be modified through the ForeignPtr afterwards.

unsafeToForeignPtr :: Storable a => Vector a -> (ForeignPtr a, Int, Int)Source

O(1) Yield the underlying ForeignPtr together with the offset to the data and its length. The data may not be modified through the ForeignPtr.

unsafeToForeignPtr0 :: Storable a => Vector a -> (ForeignPtr a, Int)Source

O(1) Yield the underlying ForeignPtr together with its length.

You can assume the pointer points directly to the data (no offset).

The data may not be modified through the ForeignPtr.

unsafeWith :: Storable a => Vector a -> (Ptr a -> IO b) -> IO bSource

Pass a pointer to the vector's data to the IO action. The data may not be modified through the 'Ptr.