**Map** +Data

*Note:* You should use Data.Map.Strict instead of this module if:
* You will eventually need all the values stored.
* The stored values don't represent large virtual data structures to be lazily computed.
An efficient implementation of ordered maps from keys to values (dictionaries).
These modules are intended to be imported qualified, to avoid name clashes with Prelude functions, e.g.
> import qualified Data.Map as Map
The implementation of Map is based on *size balanced* binary trees (or trees of *bounded balance*) as described by:
* Stephen Adams, "*Efficient sets: a balancing act*", Journal of Functional Programming 3(4):553-562, October 1993, http://www.swiss.ai.mit.edu/~adams/BB/.
* J. Nievergelt and E.M. Reingold, "*Binary search trees of bounded balance*", SIAM journal of computing 2(1), March 1973.
Note that the implementation is *left-biased* -- the elements of a first argument are always preferred to the second, for example in union or insert.
Operation comments contain the operation time complexity in the Big-O notation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_O_notation).
A Map from keys k to values a.

map f xs is the list obtained by applying f to each element of xs, i.e.,
> map f [x1, x2, ..., xn] == [f x1, f x2, ..., f xn]
> map f [x1, x2, ...] == [f x1, f x2, ...]
*O(n)* map f xs is the ByteString obtained by applying f to each element of xs
*O(n)* map f t is the Text obtained by applying f to each element of t. Subject to fusion. Performs replacement on invalid scalar values.
*O(n*min(n,W))*. map f s is the set obtained by applying f to each element of s.
It's worth noting that the size of the result may be smaller if, for some (x,y), x /= y && f x == f y
*O(n)* map f xs is the ByteString obtained by applying f to each element of xs.
*O(n)* map f xs is the ByteString obtained by applying f to each element of xs. This function is subject to array fusion.
*O(n)*. Map a function over all values in the map.
> map (++ "x") (fromList [(5,"a"), (3,"b")]) == fromList [(3, "bx"), (5, "ax")]

*O(n)*. Map a function over all values in the map.
> map (++ "x") (fromList [(5,"a"), (3,"b")]) == fromList [(3, "bx"), (5, "ax")]

*O(n*log n)*. map f s is the set obtained by applying f to each element of s.
It's worth noting that the size of the result may be smaller if, for some (x,y), x /= y && f x == f y
The mapAccumL function behaves like a combination of map and foldl; it applies a function to each element of a list, passing an accumulating parameter from left to right, and returning a final value of this accumulator together with the new list.
The mapAccumL function behaves like a combination of fmap and foldl; it applies a function to each element of a structure, passing an accumulating parameter from left to right, and returning a final value of this accumulator together with the new structure.
The mapAccumR function behaves like a combination of map and foldr; it applies a function to each element of a list, passing an accumulating parameter from right to left, and returning a final value of this accumulator together with the new list.
The mapAccumR function behaves like a combination of fmap and foldr; it applies a function to each element of a structure, passing an accumulating parameter from right to left, and returning a final value of this accumulator together with the new structure.
Map each element of a structure to a monadic action, evaluate these actions from left to right, and ignore the results.

The mapMaybe function is a version of map which can throw out elements. In particular, the functional argument returns something of type Maybe b. If this is Nothing, no element is added on to the result list. If it just Just b, then b is included in the result list.
*O(n)*. The function mapAccum threads an accumulating argument through the map in ascending order of keys.
> let f a b = (a ++ b, b ++ "X")
> mapAccum f "Everything: " (fromList [(5,"a"), (3,"b")]) == ("Everything: ba", fromList [(3, "bX"), (5, "aX")])
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