take n, applied to a list xs, returns the prefix of xs of length n, or xs itself if n > length xs:
> take 5 "Hello World!" == "Hello"
> take 3 [1,2,3,4,5] == [1,2,3]
> take 3 [1,2] == [1,2]
> take 3  == 
> take (-1) [1,2] == 
> take 0 [1,2] == 
It is an instance of the more general Data.List.genericTake, in which n may be of any integral type.
takeWhile, applied to a predicate p and a list xs, returns the longest prefix (possibly empty) of xs of elements that satisfy p:
> takeWhile (< 3) [1,2,3,4,1,2,3,4] == [1,2]
> takeWhile (< 9) [1,2,3] == [1,2,3]
> takeWhile (< 0) [1,2,3] == 
Return the contents of the MVar. If the MVar is currently empty, takeMVar will wait until it is full. After a takeMVar, the MVar is left empty.
There are two further important properties of takeMVar:
* takeMVar is single-wakeup. That is, if there are multiple threads blocked in takeMVar, and the MVar becomes full, only one thread will be woken up. The runtime guarantees that the woken thread completes its takeMVar operation.
* When multiple threads are blocked on an MVar, they are woken up in FIFO order. This is useful for providing fairness properties of abstractions built using MVars.
The genericTake function is an overloaded version of take, which accepts any Integral value as the number of elements to take.