-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- |
-- Module      :  Text.Parsec.Error
-- Copyright   :  (c) Daan Leijen 1999-2001, (c) Paolo Martini 2007
-- License     :  BSD-style (see the LICENSE file)
-- 
-- Maintainer  :  [email protected]
-- Stability   :  provisional
-- Portability :  portable
-- 
-- Parse errors
-- 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

module Text.Parsec.Error
    ( Message ( SysUnExpect, UnExpect, Expect, Message )
    , messageString
    , ParseError, errorPos, errorMessages, errorIsUnknown
    , showErrorMessages
    , newErrorMessage, newErrorUnknown
    , addErrorMessage, setErrorPos, setErrorMessage
    , mergeError
    ) where

import Data.List ( nub, sort )

import Text.Parsec.Pos

-- | This abstract data type represents parse error messages. There are
-- four kinds of messages:
--
-- >  data Message = SysUnExpect String
-- >               | UnExpect String
-- >               | Expect String
-- >               | Message String
-- 
-- The fine distinction between different kinds of parse errors allows
-- the system to generate quite good error messages for the user. It
-- also allows error messages that are formatted in different
-- languages. Each kind of message is generated by different combinators:
--
--     * A 'SysUnExpect' message is automatically generated by the
--       'Text.Parsec.Combinator.satisfy' combinator. The argument is the
--       unexpected input.
--
--     * A 'UnExpect' message is generated by the 'Text.Parsec.Prim.unexpected'
--       combinator. The argument describes the
--       unexpected item.
--
--     * A 'Expect' message is generated by the 'Text.Parsec.Prim.<?>'
--       combinator. The argument describes the expected item.
--
--     * A 'Message' message is generated by the 'fail'
--       combinator. The argument is some general parser message. 

data Message = SysUnExpect !String -- @ library generated unexpect
             | UnExpect    !String -- @ unexpected something
             | Expect      !String -- @ expecting something
             | Message     !String -- @ raw message

instance Enum Message where
    fromEnum (SysUnExpect _) = 0
    fromEnum (UnExpect    _) = 1
    fromEnum (Expect      _) = 2
    fromEnum (Message     _) = 3
    toEnum _ = error "toEnum is undefined for Message"

-- < Return 'True' only when 'compare' would return 'EQ'.

instance Eq Message where

    m1 == m2 = fromEnum m1 == fromEnum m2

-- < Compares two error messages without looking at their content. Only
-- the constructors are compared where:
-- 
-- > 'SysUnExpect' < 'UnExpect' < 'Expect' < 'Message'

instance Ord Message where
    compare msg1 msg2 = compare (fromEnum msg1) (fromEnum msg2)

-- | Extract the message string from an error message 

messageString :: Message -> String
messageString (SysUnExpect s) = s
messageString (UnExpect    s) = s
messageString (Expect      s) = s
messageString (Message     s) = s

-- | The abstract data type @ParseError@ represents parse errors. It
-- provides the source position ('SourcePos') of the error
-- and a list of error messages ('Message'). A @ParseError@
-- can be returned by the function 'Text.Parsec.Prim.parse'. @ParseError@ is an
-- instance of the 'Show' class. 

data ParseError = ParseError !SourcePos [Message]

-- | Extracts the source position from the parse error

errorPos :: ParseError -> SourcePos
errorPos (ParseError pos _msgs)
    = pos

-- | Extracts the list of error messages from the parse error

errorMessages :: ParseError -> [Message]
errorMessages (ParseError _pos msgs)
    = sort msgs

errorIsUnknown :: ParseError -> Bool
errorIsUnknown (ParseError _pos msgs)
    = null msgs

-- < Create parse errors

newErrorUnknown :: SourcePos -> ParseError
newErrorUnknown pos
    = ParseError pos []

newErrorMessage :: Message -> SourcePos -> ParseError
newErrorMessage msg pos
    = ParseError pos [msg]

addErrorMessage :: Message -> ParseError -> ParseError
addErrorMessage msg (ParseError pos msgs)
    = ParseError pos (msg:msgs)

setErrorPos :: SourcePos -> ParseError -> ParseError
setErrorPos pos (ParseError _ msgs)
    = ParseError pos msgs

setErrorMessage :: Message -> ParseError -> ParseError
setErrorMessage msg (ParseError pos msgs)
    = ParseError pos (msg : filter (msg /=) msgs)

mergeError :: ParseError -> ParseError -> ParseError
mergeError e1@(ParseError pos1 msgs1) e2@(ParseError pos2 msgs2)
    -- prefer meaningful errors
    | null msgs2 && not (null msgs1) = e1
    | null msgs1 && not (null msgs2) = e2
    | otherwise
    = case pos1 `compare` pos2 of
        -- select the longest match
        EQ -> ParseError pos1 (msgs1 ++ msgs2)
        GT -> e1
        LT -> e2

instance Show ParseError where
    show err
        = show (errorPos err) ++ ":" ++
          showErrorMessages "or" "unknown parse error"
                            "expecting" "unexpected" "end of input"
                           (errorMessages err)

-- Language independent show function

--  TODO
-- < The standard function for showing error messages. Formats a list of
--    error messages in English. This function is used in the |Show|
--    instance of |ParseError <#ParseError>|. The resulting string will be
--    formatted like:
--
--    |unexpected /{The first UnExpect or a SysUnExpect message}/;
--    expecting /{comma separated list of Expect messages}/;
--    /{comma separated list of Message messages}/

showErrorMessages ::
    String -> String -> String -> String -> String -> [Message] -> String
showErrorMessages msgOr msgUnknown msgExpecting msgUnExpected msgEndOfInput msgs
    | null msgs = msgUnknown
    | otherwise = concat $ map ("\n"++) $ clean $
                 [showSysUnExpect,showUnExpect,showExpect,showMessages]
    where
      (sysUnExpect,msgs1) = span ((SysUnExpect "") ==) msgs
      (unExpect,msgs2)    = span ((UnExpect    "") ==) msgs1
      (expect,messages)   = span ((Expect      "") ==) msgs2

      showExpect      = showMany msgExpecting expect
      showUnExpect    = showMany msgUnExpected unExpect
      showSysUnExpect | not (null unExpect) ||
                        null sysUnExpect = ""
                      | null firstMsg    = msgUnExpected ++ " " ++ msgEndOfInput
                      | otherwise        = msgUnExpected ++ " " ++ firstMsg
          where
              firstMsg  = messageString (head sysUnExpect)

      showMessages      = showMany "" messages

      -- helpers
      showMany pre msgs = case clean (map messageString msgs) of
                            [] -> ""
                            ms | null pre  -> commasOr ms
                               | otherwise -> pre ++ " " ++ commasOr ms

      commasOr []       = ""
      commasOr [m]      = m
      commasOr ms       = commaSep (init ms) ++ " " ++ msgOr ++ " " ++ last ms

      commaSep          = seperate ", " . clean

      seperate   _ []     = ""
      seperate   _ [m]    = m
      seperate sep (m:ms) = m ++ sep ++ seperate sep ms

      clean             = nub . filter (not . null)