{-# LANGUAGE MultiParamTypeClasses, FlexibleInstances, ScopedTypeVariables #-}

-- |
-- Module      : Data.Vector.Storable.Mutable
-- Copyright   : (c) Roman Leshchinskiy 2009-2010
-- License     : BSD-style
--
-- Maintainer  : Roman Leshchinskiy <[email protected]>
-- Stability   : experimental
-- Portability : non-portable
-- 
-- Mutable vectors based on Storable.
--

module Data.Vector.Storable.Mutable(
  -- * Mutable vectors of 'Storable' types
  MVector(..), IOVector, STVector, Storable,

  -- * Accessors

  -- ** Length information
  length, null,

  -- ** Extracting subvectors
  slice, init, tail, take, drop, splitAt,
  unsafeSlice, unsafeInit, unsafeTail, unsafeTake, unsafeDrop,

  -- ** Overlapping
  overlaps,

  -- * Construction

  -- ** Initialisation
  new, unsafeNew, replicate, replicateM, clone,

  -- ** Growing
  grow, unsafeGrow,

  -- ** Restricting memory usage
  clear,

  -- * Accessing individual elements
  read, write, swap,
  unsafeRead, unsafeWrite, unsafeSwap,

  -- * Modifying vectors

  -- ** Filling and copying
  set, copy, move, unsafeCopy, unsafeMove,

  -- * Unsafe conversions
  unsafeCast,

  -- * Raw pointers
  unsafeFromForeignPtr, unsafeFromForeignPtr0,
  unsafeToForeignPtr,   unsafeToForeignPtr0,
  unsafeWith
) where

import Control.DeepSeq ( NFData )

import qualified Data.Vector.Generic.Mutable as G
import Data.Vector.Storable.Internal

import Foreign.Storable
import Foreign.ForeignPtr

#if __GLASGOW_HASKELL__ >= 605
import GHC.ForeignPtr (mallocPlainForeignPtrBytes)
#endif

import Foreign.Ptr
import Foreign.Marshal.Array ( advancePtr, copyArray, moveArray )
import Foreign.C.Types ( CInt )

import Control.Monad.Primitive
import Data.Primitive.Addr
import Data.Primitive.Types (Prim)

import GHC.Word (Word8, Word16, Word32, Word64)
import GHC.Ptr (Ptr(..))

import Prelude hiding ( length, null, replicate, reverse, map, read,
                        take, drop, splitAt, init, tail )

import Data.Typeable ( Typeable )

#include "vector.h"

-- | Mutable 'Storable'-based vectors
data MVector s a = MVector {-# UNPACK #-} !Int
                           {-# UNPACK #-} !(ForeignPtr a)
        deriving ( Typeable )

type IOVector = MVector RealWorld
type STVector s = MVector s

instance NFData (MVector s a)

instance Storable a => G.MVector MVector a where
  {-# INLINE basicLength #-}
  basicLength (MVector n _) = n

  {-# INLINE basicUnsafeSlice #-}
  basicUnsafeSlice j m (MVector n fp) = MVector m (updPtr (`advancePtr` j) fp)

  -- FIXME: this relies on non-portable pointer comparisons
  {-# INLINE basicOverlaps #-}
  basicOverlaps (MVector m fp) (MVector n fq)
    = between p q (q `advancePtr` n) || between q p (p `advancePtr` m)
    where
      between x y z = x >= y && x < z
      p = getPtr fp
      q = getPtr fq

  {-# INLINE basicUnsafeNew #-}
  basicUnsafeNew n
    = unsafePrimToPrim
    $ do
        fp <- mallocVector n
        return $ MVector n fp

  {-# INLINE basicUnsafeRead #-}
  basicUnsafeRead (MVector _ fp) i
    = unsafePrimToPrim
    $ withForeignPtr fp (`peekElemOff` i)

  {-# INLINE basicUnsafeWrite #-}
  basicUnsafeWrite (MVector _ fp) i x
    = unsafePrimToPrim
    $ withForeignPtr fp $ \p -> pokeElemOff p i x

  {-# INLINE basicSet #-}
  basicSet = storableSet

  {-# INLINE basicUnsafeCopy #-}
  basicUnsafeCopy (MVector n fp) (MVector _ fq)
    = unsafePrimToPrim
    $ withForeignPtr fp $ \p ->
      withForeignPtr fq $ \q ->
      copyArray p q n
  
  {-# INLINE basicUnsafeMove #-}
  basicUnsafeMove (MVector n fp) (MVector _ fq)
    = unsafePrimToPrim
    $ withForeignPtr fp $ \p ->
      withForeignPtr fq $ \q ->
      moveArray p q n

storableSet :: (Storable a, PrimMonad m) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> a -> m ()
{-# INLINE storableSet #-}
storableSet v@(MVector n fp) x
  | n == 0 = return ()
  | otherwise = unsafePrimToPrim $
                case sizeOf x of
                  1 -> storableSetAsPrim n fp x (undefined :: Word8)
                  2 -> storableSetAsPrim n fp x (undefined :: Word16)
                  4 -> storableSetAsPrim n fp x (undefined :: Word32)
                  8 -> storableSetAsPrim n fp x (undefined :: Word64)
                  _ -> withForeignPtr fp $ \p -> do
                       poke p x

                       let do_set i
                             | 2*i < n = do
                                 copyArray (p `advancePtr` i) p i
                                 do_set (2*i)
                             | otherwise = copyArray (p `advancePtr` i) p (n-i)

                       do_set 1

storableSetAsPrim
  :: (Storable a, Prim b) => Int -> ForeignPtr a -> a -> b -> IO ()
{-# INLINE [0] storableSetAsPrim #-}
storableSetAsPrim n fp x y = withForeignPtr fp $ \(Ptr p) -> do
  poke (Ptr p) x
  let q = Addr p
  w <- readOffAddr q 0
  setAddr (q `plusAddr` sizeOf x) (n-1) (w `asTypeOf` y)

{-# INLINE mallocVector #-}
mallocVector :: Storable a => Int -> IO (ForeignPtr a)
mallocVector =
#if __GLASGOW_HASKELL__ >= 605
    doMalloc undefined
        where
          doMalloc :: Storable b => b -> Int -> IO (ForeignPtr b)
          doMalloc dummy size = mallocPlainForeignPtrBytes (size * sizeOf dummy)
#else
    mallocForeignPtrArray
#endif

-- Length information
-- ------------------

-- | Length of the mutable vector.
length :: Storable a => MVector s a -> Int
{-# INLINE length #-}
length = G.length

-- | Check whether the vector is empty
null :: Storable a => MVector s a -> Bool
{-# INLINE null #-}
null = G.null

-- Extracting subvectors
-- ---------------------

-- | Yield a part of the mutable vector without copying it.
slice :: Storable a => Int -> Int -> MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE slice #-}
slice = G.slice

take :: Storable a => Int -> MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE take #-}
take = G.take

drop :: Storable a => Int -> MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE drop #-}
drop = G.drop

splitAt :: Storable a => Int -> MVector s a -> (MVector s a, MVector s a)
{-# INLINE splitAt #-}
splitAt = G.splitAt

init :: Storable a => MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE init #-}
init = G.init

tail :: Storable a => MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE tail #-}
tail = G.tail

-- | Yield a part of the mutable vector without copying it. No bounds checks
-- are performed.
unsafeSlice :: Storable a
            => Int  -- ^ starting index
            -> Int  -- ^ length of the slice
            -> MVector s a
            -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE unsafeSlice #-}
unsafeSlice = G.unsafeSlice

unsafeTake :: Storable a => Int -> MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE unsafeTake #-}
unsafeTake = G.unsafeTake

unsafeDrop :: Storable a => Int -> MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE unsafeDrop #-}
unsafeDrop = G.unsafeDrop

unsafeInit :: Storable a => MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE unsafeInit #-}
unsafeInit = G.unsafeInit

unsafeTail :: Storable a => MVector s a -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE unsafeTail #-}
unsafeTail = G.unsafeTail

-- Overlapping
-- -----------

-- Check whether two vectors overlap.
overlaps :: Storable a => MVector s a -> MVector s a -> Bool
{-# INLINE overlaps #-}
overlaps = G.overlaps

-- Initialisation
-- --------------

-- | Create a mutable vector of the given length.
new :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => Int -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)
{-# INLINE new #-}
new = G.new

-- | Create a mutable vector of the given length. The length is not checked.
unsafeNew :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => Int -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)
{-# INLINE unsafeNew #-}
unsafeNew = G.unsafeNew

-- | Create a mutable vector of the given length (0 if the length is negative)
-- and fill it with an initial value.
replicate :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => Int -> a -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)
{-# INLINE replicate #-}
replicate = G.replicate

-- | Create a mutable vector of the given length (0 if the length is negative)
-- and fill it with values produced by repeatedly executing the monadic action.
replicateM :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => Int -> m a -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)
{-# INLINE replicateM #-}
replicateM = G.replicateM

-- | Create a copy of a mutable vector.
clone :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a)
      => MVector (PrimState m) a -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)
{-# INLINE clone #-}
clone = G.clone

-- Growing
-- -------

-- | Grow a vector by the given number of elements. The number must be
-- positive.
grow :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a)  
              => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)
{-# INLINE grow #-}
grow = G.grow

-- | Grow a vector by the given number of elements. The number must be
-- positive but this is not checked.
unsafeGrow :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a)
               => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> m (MVector (PrimState m) a)
{-# INLINE unsafeGrow #-}
unsafeGrow = G.unsafeGrow

-- Restricting memory usage
-- ------------------------

-- | Reset all elements of the vector to some undefined value, clearing all
-- references to external objects. This is usually a noop for unboxed vectors. 
clear :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> m ()
{-# INLINE clear #-}
clear = G.clear

-- Accessing individual elements
-- -----------------------------

-- | Yield the element at the given position.
read :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> m a
{-# INLINE read #-}
read = G.read

-- | Replace the element at the given position.
write
    :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> a -> m ()
{-# INLINE write #-}
write = G.write

-- | Swap the elements at the given positions.
swap
    :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> Int -> m ()
{-# INLINE swap #-}
swap = G.swap


-- | Yield the element at the given position. No bounds checks are performed.
unsafeRead :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> m a
{-# INLINE unsafeRead #-}
unsafeRead = G.unsafeRead

-- | Replace the element at the given position. No bounds checks are performed.
unsafeWrite
    :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) =>  MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> a -> m ()
{-# INLINE unsafeWrite #-}
unsafeWrite = G.unsafeWrite

-- | Swap the elements at the given positions. No bounds checks are performed.
unsafeSwap
    :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> Int -> Int -> m ()
{-# INLINE unsafeSwap #-}
unsafeSwap = G.unsafeSwap

-- Filling and copying
-- -------------------

-- | Set all elements of the vector to the given value.
set :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) => MVector (PrimState m) a -> a -> m ()
{-# INLINE set #-}
set = G.set

-- | Copy a vector. The two vectors must have the same length and may not
-- overlap.
copy :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a) 
                 => MVector (PrimState m) a -> MVector (PrimState m) a -> m ()
{-# INLINE copy #-}
copy = G.copy

-- | Copy a vector. The two vectors must have the same length and may not
-- overlap. This is not checked.
unsafeCopy :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a)
           => MVector (PrimState m) a   -- ^ target
           -> MVector (PrimState m) a   -- ^ source
           -> m ()
{-# INLINE unsafeCopy #-}
unsafeCopy = G.unsafeCopy

-- | Move the contents of a vector. The two vectors must have the same
-- length.
-- 
-- If the vectors do not overlap, then this is equivalent to 'copy'.
-- Otherwise, the copying is performed as if the source vector were
-- copied to a temporary vector and then the temporary vector was copied
-- to the target vector.
move :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a)
                 => MVector (PrimState m) a -> MVector (PrimState m) a -> m ()
{-# INLINE move #-}
move = G.move

-- | Move the contents of a vector. The two vectors must have the same
-- length, but this is not checked.
-- 
-- If the vectors do not overlap, then this is equivalent to 'unsafeCopy'.
-- Otherwise, the copying is performed as if the source vector were
-- copied to a temporary vector and then the temporary vector was copied
-- to the target vector.
unsafeMove :: (PrimMonad m, Storable a)
                          => MVector (PrimState m) a   -- ^ target
                          -> MVector (PrimState m) a   -- ^ source
                          -> m ()
{-# INLINE unsafeMove #-}
unsafeMove = G.unsafeMove

-- Unsafe conversions
-- ------------------

-- | /O(1)/ Unsafely cast a mutable vector from one element type to another.
-- The operation just changes the type of the underlying pointer and does not
-- modify the elements.
--
-- The resulting vector contains as many elements as can fit into the
-- underlying memory block.
--
unsafeCast :: forall a b s.
              (Storable a, Storable b) => MVector s a -> MVector s b
{-# INLINE unsafeCast #-}
unsafeCast (MVector n fp)
  = MVector ((n * sizeOf (undefined :: a)) `div` sizeOf (undefined :: b))
            (castForeignPtr fp)

-- Raw pointers
-- ------------

-- | Create a mutable vector from a 'ForeignPtr' with an offset and a length.
--
-- Modifying data through the 'ForeignPtr' afterwards is unsafe if the vector
-- could have been frozen before the modification.
--
--  If your offset is 0 it is more efficient to use 'unsafeFromForeignPtr0'.
unsafeFromForeignPtr :: Storable a
                     => ForeignPtr a    -- ^ pointer
                     -> Int             -- ^ offset
                     -> Int             -- ^ length
                     -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE unsafeFromForeignPtr #-}
unsafeFromForeignPtr fp i n = unsafeFromForeignPtr0 fp' n
    where
      fp' = updPtr (`advancePtr` i) fp

{-# RULES
"unsafeFromForeignPtr fp 0 n -> unsafeFromForeignPtr0 fp n " forall fp n.
  unsafeFromForeignPtr fp 0 n = unsafeFromForeignPtr0 fp n
  #-}

-- | /O(1)/ Create a mutable vector from a 'ForeignPtr' and a length.
--
-- It is assumed the pointer points directly to the data (no offset).
-- Use `unsafeFromForeignPtr` if you need to specify an offset.
--
-- Modifying data through the 'ForeignPtr' afterwards is unsafe if the vector
-- could have been frozen before the modification.
unsafeFromForeignPtr0 :: Storable a
                      => ForeignPtr a    -- ^ pointer
                      -> Int             -- ^ length
                      -> MVector s a
{-# INLINE unsafeFromForeignPtr0 #-}
unsafeFromForeignPtr0 fp n = MVector n fp

-- | Yield the underlying 'ForeignPtr' together with the offset to the data
-- and its length. Modifying the data through the 'ForeignPtr' is
-- unsafe if the vector could have frozen before the modification.
unsafeToForeignPtr :: Storable a => MVector s a -> (ForeignPtr a, Int, Int)
{-# INLINE unsafeToForeignPtr #-}
unsafeToForeignPtr (MVector n fp) = (fp, 0, n)

-- | /O(1)/ Yield the underlying 'ForeignPtr' together with its length.
--
-- You can assume the pointer points directly to the data (no offset).
--
-- Modifying the data through the 'ForeignPtr' is unsafe if the vector could
-- have frozen before the modification.
unsafeToForeignPtr0 :: Storable a => MVector s a -> (ForeignPtr a, Int)
{-# INLINE unsafeToForeignPtr0 #-}
unsafeToForeignPtr0 (MVector n fp) = (fp, n)

-- | Pass a pointer to the vector's data to the IO action. Modifying data
-- through the pointer is unsafe if the vector could have been frozen before
-- the modification.
unsafeWith :: Storable a => IOVector a -> (Ptr a -> IO b) -> IO b
{-# INLINE unsafeWith #-}
unsafeWith (MVector n fp) = withForeignPtr fp